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Abbreviations

From lawbrain.com

A.
Atlantic Reporter
A. 2d
Atlantic Reporter, Second Series
AA
Alcoholics Anonymous
AAA
American Arbitration Association; Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933
AALS
Association of American Law Schools
AAPRP
All African People's Revolutionary Party
AARP
American Association of Retired Persons
AAS
American Anti-Slavery Society
ABA
American Bar Association; Architectural Barriers Act of 1968; American Bankers Association
ABC
American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. (formerly American Broadcasting Corporation)
ABM
Antiballistic missile
ABM Treaty
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty of 1972
ABVP
Anti-Biased Violence Project A/C Account A.C. Appeal cases
ACAA
Air Carrier Access Act
ACCA
Armed Career Criminal Act of 1984
ACF
Administration for Children and Families
ACLU
American Civil Liberties Union
ACRS
Accelerated Cost Recovery System
ACS
Agricultural Cooperative Service
ACT
American College Test
Act'g Legal Adv.
Acting Legal Advisor
ACUS
Administrative Conference of the United States
ACYF
Administration on Children, Youth, and Families
A.D. 2d
Appellate Division, Second Series, N.Y.
ADA
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
ADAMHA
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration
ADC
Aid to Dependent Children
ADD
Administration on Developmental Disabilities
ADEA
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
ADL
Anti-Defamation League
ADR
Alternative dispute resolution
AEC
Atomic Energy Commission
AECB
Arms Export Control Board
AEDPA
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act
A.E.R.
All England Law Reports
AFA
American Family Association; Alabama Freethought Association
AFB
American Farm Bureau
AFBF
American Farm Bureau Federation
AFDC
Aid to Families with Dependent Children
aff'd per cur.
Affirmed by the court
AFIS
Automated fingerprint identification system
AFL
American Federation of Labor
AFL-CIO
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
AFRes
Air Force Reserve
AFSC
American Friends Service Committee
AFSCME
American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees
AGRICOLA
Agricultural Online Access
AIA
Association of Insurance Attorneys
AIB
American Institute for Banking
AID
Artificial insemination using a third-party donor's sperm; Agency for International Development
AIDS
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIH
Artificial insemination using the husband's sperm
AIM
American Indian Movement
AIPAC
American Israel Public Affairs Committee
AIUSA
Amnesty International, U.S.A. Affiliate
AJS
American Judicature Society
ALA
American Library Association
Alcoa
Aluminum Company of America
ALEC
American Legislative Exchange Council
ALF
Animal Liberation Front
ALI
American Law Institute
ALJ
Administrative law judge
All E.R.
All England Law Reports
ALO
Agency Liaison
A.L.R.
American Law Reports
ALY
American Law Yearbook
AMA
American Medical Association
AMAA
Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act
Am. Dec.
American Decisions
amdt.
Amendment
Amer. St. Papers, For. Rels.
American State Papers, Legislative and Executive Documents of the Congress of the U.S., Class I, Foreign Relations, 1832-1859
AMS
Agricultural Marketing Service
AMVETS
American Veterans (of World War II)
ANA
Administration for Native Americans
Ann. Dig.
Annual Digest of Public International Law Cases
ANPA
American Newspaper Publishers Association
ANSCA
Alaska Native Claims Act
ANZUS
Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty Organization
AOA
Administration on Aging
AOE
Arizonans for Official English
AOL
America Online
AP
Associated Press
APA
Administrative Procedure Act of 1946
APHIS
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
App. Div.
Appellate Division Reports, N.Y. Supreme Court
Arb. Trib., U.S.-British
Arbitration Tribunal, Claim Convention of 1853, United States and Great Britain Convention of 1853
Ardcor
American Roller Die Corporation
ARPA
Advanced Research Projects Agency
ARPANET
Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
ARS
Advanced Record System
Art.
Article
ARU
American Railway Union
ASCME
American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees
ASCS
Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service
ASM
Available Seatmile
ASPCA
American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Asst. Att. Gen.
Assistant Attorney General
AT&T
American Telephone and Telegraph
ATFD
Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms Division
ATLA
Association of Trial Lawyers of America
ATO
Alpha Tau Omega
ATTD
Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Division
ATU
Alcohol Tax Unit
AUAM
American Union against Militarism
AUM
Animal Unit Month
AZT
Azidothymidine
BAC
Blood alcohol concentration
BALSA
Black-American Law Student Association
BATF
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
BBS
Bulletin Board System
BCCI
Bank of Credit and Commerce International
BEA
Bureau of Economic Analysis
Bell's Cr. C.
Bell's English Crown Cases
Bevans
United States Treaties, etc. Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America, 1776-1949 (compiled under the direction of Charles I. Bevans, 1968-76)
BFOQ
Bona fide occupational qualification
BI
Bureau of Investigation
BIA
Bureau of Indian Affairs; Board of Immigration Appeals
BID
Business improvement district
BJS
Bureau of Justice Statistics
Black.
Black's United States Supreme Court Reports
Blatchf.
Blatchford's United States Circuit Court Reports
BLM
Bureau of Land Management
BLS
Bureau of Labor Statistics
BMD
Ballistic missile defense
BNA
Bureau of National Affairs
BOCA
Building Officials and Code Administrators International
BOP
Bureau of Prisons
BPP
Black Panther Party for Self-defense
Brit. and For.
British and Foreign State Papers
BSA
Boy Scouts of America
BTP
Beta Theta Pi
Burr.
James Burrows, Report of Cases Argued and Determined in the Court of King's Bench during the Time of Lord Mansfield (1766-1780)
BVA
Board of Veterans Appeals
c.
Chapter
C3I
Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence
C.A.
Court of Appeals
CAA
Clean Air Act
CAB
Civil Aeronautics Board; Corporation for American Banking
CAFE
Corporate average fuel economy
Cal. 2d
California Reports, Second Series
Cal. 3d
California Reports, Third Series
CALR
Computer-assisted legal research
Cal. Rptr.
California Reporter
CAP
Common Agricultural Policy
CARA
Classification and Ratings Administration
CATV
Community antenna television
CBO
Congressional Budget Office
CBS
Columbia Broadcasting System
CBOEC
Chicago Board of Election Commissioners
CCC
Commodity Credit Corporation
CCDBG
Child Care and Development Block Grant of 1990
C.C.D. Pa.
Circuit Court Decisions, Pennsylvania
C.C.D. Va.
Circuit Court Decisions, Virginia
CCEA
Cabinet Council on Economic Affairs
CCP
Chinese Communist Party
CCR
Center for Constitutional Rights
C.C.R.I.
Circuit Court, Rhode Island
CD
Certificate of deposit; compact disc
CDA
Communications Decency Act
CDBG
Community Development Block Grant Program
CDC
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Community Development Corporation
CDF
Children's Defense Fund
CDL
Citizens for Decency through Law
CD-ROM
Compact disc read-only memory
CDS
Community Dispute Services
CDW
Collision damage waiver
CENTO
Central Treaty Organization
CEO
Chief executive officer
CEQ
Council on Environmental Quality
CERCLA
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980
cert.
Certiorari
CETA
Comprehensive Employment and Training Act
C & F
Cost and freight
CFC
Chlorofluorocarbon
CFE Treaty
Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty of 1990
C.F.
& I. Cost, freight, and insurance
C.F.R
Code of Federal Regulations
CFNP
Community Food and Nutrition Program
CFTA
Canadian Free Trade Agreement
CFTC
Commodity Futures Trading Commission
Ch.
Chancery Division, English Law Reports
CHAMPVA
Civilian Health and Medical Program at the Veterans Administration
CHEP
Cuban/Haitian Entrant Program
CHINS
Children in need of supervision
CHIPS
Child in need of protective services
Ch.N.Y.
Chancery Reports, New York
Chr. Rob.
Christopher Robinson, Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the High Court of Admiralty (1801-1808)
CIA
Central Intelligence Agency
CID
Commercial Item Descriptions
C.I.F.
Cost, insurance, and freight
CINCNORAD
Commander in Chief, North American Air Defense Command
C.I.O.
Congress of Industrial Organizations
CIPE
Center for International Private Enterprise
C.J.
Chief justice
CJIS
Criminal Justice Information Services
C.J.S.
Corpus Juris Secundum
Claims Arb. under Spec. Conv., Nielsen's Rept.
Frederick Kenelm Nielsen, American and British Claims Arbitration under the Special Agreement Concluded between the United States and Great Britain, August 18, 1910 (1926)
CLASP
Center for Law and Social Policy
CLE
Center for Law and Education; Continuing Legal Education
CLEO
Council on Legal Education Opportunity; Chief Law Enforcement Officer
CLP
Communist Labor Party of America
CLS
Christian Legal Society; critical legal studies (movement); Critical Legal Studies (membership organization)
C.M.A.
Court of Military Appeals
CMEA
Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
CMHS
Center for Mental Health Services
C.M.R.
Court of Military Review
CNN
Cable News Network
CNO
Chief of Naval Operations
CNOL
Consolidated net operating loss
CNR
Chicago and Northwestern Railway
CO
Conscientious Objector
C.O.D.
Cash on delivery
COGP
Commission on Government Procurement
COINTELPRO
Counterintelligence Program
Coke Rep.
Coke's English King's Bench Reports
COLA
Cost-of-living adjustment
COMCEN
Federal Communications Center
Comp.
Compilation
Conn.
Connecticut Reports
CONTU
National Commission on New Technological Uses of Copyrighted Works
Conv.
Convention
COPA
Child Online Protection Act (1998)
COPS
Community Oriented Policing Services
Corbin
Arthur L. Corbin, Corbin on Contracts: A Comprehensive Treatise on the Rules of Contract Law (1950)
CORE
Congress on Racial Equality
Cox's Crim. Cases
Cox's Criminal Cases (England)
COYOTE
Call Off Your Old Tired Ethics
CPA
Certified public accountant
CPB
Corporation for Public Broadcasting, the
CPI
Consumer Price Index
CPPA
Child Pornography Prevention Act
CPSC
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Cranch
Cranch's United States Supreme Court Reports
CRF
Constitutional Rights Foundation
CRR
Center for Constitutional Rights
CRS
Congressional Research Service; Community Relations Service
CRT
Critical race theory
CSA
Community Services Administration
CSAP
Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
CSAT
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
CSC
Civil Service Commission
CSCE
Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe
CSG
Council of State Governments
CSO
Community Service Organization
CSP
Center for the Study of the Presidency
C-SPAN
Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network
CSRS
Cooperative State Research Service
CSWPL
Center on Social Welfare Policy and Law
CTA
Cum testamento annexo (with the will attached)
Ct. Ap. D.C.
Court of Appeals, District of Columbia
Ct. App. No. Ireland
Court of Appeals, Northern Ireland
Ct. Cl.
Court of Claims, United States
Ct. Crim. Apps.
Court of Criminal Appeals (England)
CTI
Consolidated taxable income
Ct. of Sess., Scot.
Court of Sessions, Scotland
CU
Credit union
CUNY
City University of New York
Cush.
Cushing's Massachusetts Reports
CWA
Civil Works Administration; Clean Water Act
DACORB
Department of the Army Conscientious Objector Review Board
Dall.
Dallas's Pennsylvania and United States Reports
DAR
Daughters of the American Revolution
DARPA
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DAVA
Defense Audiovisual Agency
D.C.
United States District Court; District of Columbia
D.C. Del.
United States District Court, Delaware
D.C. Mass.
United States District Court, Massachusetts
D.C. Md.
United States District Court, Maryland
D.C.N.D.Cal.
United States District Court, Northern District, California
D.C.N.Y.
United States District Court, New York
D.C.Pa.
United States District Court, Pennsylvania
DCS
Deputy Chiefs of Staff
DCZ
District of the Canal Zone
DDT
Dichlorodiphenyltricloroethane
DEA
Drug Enforcement Administration
Decl. Lond.
Declaration of London, February 26, 1909
Dev. & B.
Devereux & Battle's North Carolina Reports
DFL
Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor
DFTA
Department for the Aging
Dig. U.S. Practice in Intl. Law
Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law
Dist. Ct.
D.C. United States District Court, District of Columbia
D.L.R.
Dominion Law Reports (Canada)
DMCA
Digital Millennium Copyright Act
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Dnase
Deoxyribonuclease
DNC
Democratic National Committee
DOC
Department of Commerce
DOD
Department of Defense
DODEA
Department of Defense Education Activity
Dodson
Dodson's Reports, English Admiralty Courts
DOE
Department of Energy
DOER
Department of Employee Relations
DOJ
Department of Justice
DOL
Department of Labor
DOMA
Defense of Marriage Act of 1996
DOS
Disk operating system
DOT
Department of Transportation
DPT
Diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus
DRI
Defense Research Institute
DSAA
Defense Security Assistance Agency
DUI
Driving under the influence; driving under intoxication
DVD
Digital versatile disc
DWI
Driving while intoxicated
EAHCA
Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975
EBT
Examination before trial
E.coli
Escherichia coli
ECPA
Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986
ECSC
Treaty of the European Coal and Steel Community
EDA
Economic Development Administration
EDF
Environmental Defense Fund
E.D.N.Y.
Eastern District, New York
EDP
Electronic data processing
E.D. Pa.
Eastern-District, Pennsylvania
EDSC
Eastern District, South Carolina
EDT
Eastern daylight time
E.D. Va.
Eastern District, Virginia
EEC
European Economic Community; European Economic Community Treaty
EEOC
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
EFF
Electronic Frontier Foundation
EFT
Electronic funds transfer
Eliz.
Queen Elizabeth (Great Britain)
Em. App.
Temporary Emergency Court of Appeals
ENE
Early neutral evaluation
Eng. Rep.
English Reports
EOP
Executive Office of the President
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency; Equal Pay Act of 1963
ERA
Equal Rights Amendment
ERDC
Energy Research and Development Commission
ERISA
Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974
ERS
Economic Research Service
ERTA
Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981
ESA
Endangered Species Act of 1973
ESF
Emergency support function; Economic Support Fund
ESRD
End-Stage Renal Disease Program
ETA
Employment and Training Administration
ETS
Environmental tobacco smoke
et seq.
Et sequentes or et sequentia ("and the following")
EU
European Union
Euratom
European Atomic Energy Community
Eur. Ct. H.R.
European Court of Human Rights
Ex.
English Exchequer Reports, Welsby, Hurlstone & Gordon
Exch.
Exchequer Reports (Welsby, Hurlstone & Gordon)
Ex Com
Executive Committee of the National Security Council
Eximbank
Export-Import Bank of the United States
F.
Federal Reporter
F. 2d
Federal Reporter, Second Series
FAA
Federal Aviation Administration; Federal Arbitration Act
FAAA
Federal Alcohol Administration Act
FACE
Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act of 1994
FACT
Feminist Anti-Censorship Task Force
FAIRA
Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996
FAMLA
Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993
Fannie Mae
Federal National Mortgage Association
FAO
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FAR
Federal Acquisition Regulations
FAS
Foreign Agricultural Service
FBA
Federal Bar Association
FBI
Federal Bureau of Investigation
FCA
Farm Credit Administration
F. Cas.
Federal Cases
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
FCIA
Foreign Credit Insurance Association
FCIC
Federal Crop Insurance Corporation
FCLAA
Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act
FCRA
Fair Credit Reporting Act
FCU
Federal credit unions
FCUA
Federal Credit Union Act
FCZ
Fishery Conservation Zone
FDA
Food and Drug Administration
FDIC
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
FDPC
Federal Data Processing Center
FEC
Federal Election Commission
FECA
Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971
Fed. Cas.
Federal Cases
FEHA
Fair Employment and Housing Act
FEHBA
Federal Employees Health Benefit Act
FEMA
Federal Emergency Management Agency
FERC
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FFB
Federal Financing Bank
FFDC
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act
FGIS
Federal Grain Inspection Service
FHA
Federal Housing Administration
FHAA
Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1998
FHWA
Federal Highway Administration
FIA
Federal Insurance Administration
FIC
Federal Information Centers; Federation of Insurance Counsel
FICA
Federal Insurance Contributions Act
FIFRA
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
FIP
Forestry Incentives Program
FIRREA
Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989
FISA
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978
FISC
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review
FJC
Federal Judicial Center
FLSA
Fair Labor Standards Act
FMC
Federal Maritime Commission
FMCS
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service
FmHA
Farmers Home Administration
FMLA
Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993
FNMA
Federal National Mortgage Association, "Fannie Mae'
F.O.B.
Free on board
FOIA
Freedom of Information Act
FOMC
Federal Open Market Committee
FPA
Federal Power Act of 1935
FPC
Federal Power Commission
FPMR
Federal Property Management Regulations
FPRS
Federal Property Resources Service
FR
Federal Register
FRA
Federal Railroad Administration
FRB
Federal Reserve Board
FRC
Federal Radio Commission
F.R.D.
Federal Rules Decisions
FSA
Family Support Act
FSB
Federal'naya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti (the Federal Security Service of Russia)
FSLIC
Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation
FSQS
Food Safety and Quality Service
FSS
Federal Supply Service
F. Supp.
Federal Supplement
FTA U.S.-Canada
Free Trade Agreement of 1988
FTC
Federal Trade Commission
FTCA
Federal Tort Claims Act
FTS
Federal Telecommunications System
FTS2000
Federal Telecommunications System 2000
FUCA
Federal Unemployment Compensation Act of 1988
FUTA
Federal Unemployment Tax Act
FWPCA
Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1948
FWS
Fish and Wildlife Service
GAL
Guardian ad litem
GAO
General Accounting Office; Governmental Affairs Office
GAOR
General Assembly Official Records, United Nations
GAAP
Generally accepted accounting principles
GA Res.
General Assembly Resolution (United Nations)
GATT
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GCA
Gun Control Act
Gen. Cls. Comm.
General Claims Commission, United States and Panama; General Claims United States and Mexico
Geo. II
King George II (Great Britain)
Geo. III
King George III (Great Britain)
GHB
Gamma-hydroxybutrate
GI
Government Issue
GID
General Intelligence Division
GM
General Motors
GNMA
Government National Mortgage Association, "Ginnie Mae'
GNP
Gross national product
GOP
Grand Old Party (Republican Party)
GOPAC
Grand Old Party Action Committee
GPA
Office of Governmental and Public Affairs
GPO
Government Printing Office
GRAS
Generally recognized as safe
Gr. Br., Crim. Ct. App.
Great Britain, Court of Criminal Appeals
GRNL
Gay Rights-National Lobby
GSA
General Services Administration
Hackworth
Green Haywood Hackworth, Digest of International Law (1940-1944)
Hay and Marriott
Great Britain. High Court of Admiralty, Decisions in the High Court of Admiralty during the Time of Sir George Hay and of Sir James Marriott, Late Judges of That Court (1801)
HBO
Home Box Office
HCFA
Health Care Financing Administration
H.Ct.
High Court
HDS
Office of Human Development Services
Hen. & M.
Hening & Munford's Virginia Reports
HEW
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
HFCA
Health Care Financing Administration
HGI
Handgun Control, Incorporated
HHS
Department of Health and Human Services
Hill
Hill's New York Reports
HIRE
Help through Industry Retraining and Employment
HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus
H.L.
House of Lords Cases (England)
H. Lords
House of Lords (England)
HMO
Health Maintenance Organization
HNIS
Human Nutrition Information Service
Hong Kong L.R.
Hong Kong Law Reports
How.
Howard's United States Supreme Court Reports
How. St. Trials
Howell's English State Trials
HUAC
House Un-American Activities Committee
HUD
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Hudson, Internatl. Legis.
Manley Ottmer Hudson, ed., International Legislation: A Collection of the Texts of Multipartite International Instruments of General Interest Beginning with the Covenant of the League of Nations (1931); Hudson, World Court Reps.
Manley Ottmer Hudson, ea., World Court Reports (1934- )
Hun
Hun's New York Supreme Court Reports
Hunt's Rept.
Bert L. Hunt, Report of the American and Panamanian General Claims Arbitration (1934)
IAEA
International Atomic Energy Agency
IALL
International Association of Law Libraries
IBA
International Bar Association
IBM
International Business Machines
ICA
Interstate Commerce Act
ICBM
Intercontinental ballistic missile
ICC
Interstate Commerce Commission; International Criminal Court
ICJ
International Court of Justice
ICM
Institute for Court Management
IDEA
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1975
IDOP
International Dolphin Conservation Program
IEP
Individualized educational program
IFC
International Finance Corporation
IGRA
Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988
IJA
Institute of Judicial Administration
IJC
International Joint Commission
ILC
International Law Commission
ILD
International Labor Defense
Ill. Dec.
Illinois Decisions
ILO
International Labor Organization
IMF
International Monetary Fund
INA
Immigration and Nationality Act
IND
Investigational new drug
INF Treaty
Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty of 1987
INS
Immigration and Naturalization Service
INTELSAT
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
Interpol
International Criminal Police Organization
Int'l. Law Reps.
International Law Reports
Intl. Legal Mats.
International Legal Materials
IOC
International Olympic Committee
IPDC
International Program for the Development of Communication
IPO
Intellectual Property Owners
IPP
Independent power producer
IQ
Intelligence quotient
I.R.
Irish Reports
IRA
Individual retirement account; Irish Republican Army
IRC
Internal Revenue Code
IRCA
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
IRS
Internal Revenue Service
ISO
Independent service organization
ISP
Internet service provider
ISSN
International Standard Serial Numbers
ITA
International Trade Administration
ITI
Information Technology Integration
ITO
International Trade Organization
ITS
Information Technology Service
ITT
International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation
ITU
International Telecommunication Union
IUD
Intrauterine device
IWC
International Whaling Commission
IWW
Industrial Workers of the World
JAGC
Judge Advocate General's Corps
JCS
Joint Chiefs of Staff
JDL
Jewish Defense League
JNOV
Judgment non obstante veredicto ("judgment nothing to recommend it" or "judgment notwithstanding the verdict")
JOBS
Jobs Opportunity and Basic Skills
John. Ch.
Johnson's New York Chancery Reports
Johns.
Johnson's Reports (New York)
JP
Justice of the peace
K.B.
King's Bench Reports (England)
KFC
Kentucky Fried Chicken
KGB
Komitet Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti (the State Security Committee for countries in the former Soviet Union)
KKK
Ku Klux Klan
KMT
Kuomintang (Chinese, "national people's party")
LAD
Law Against Discrimination
LAPD
Los Angeles Police Department
LC
Library of Congress
LCHA
Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers Compensation Act of 1927
LD50
Lethal dose 50
LDEF
Legal Defense and Education Fund (NOW)
LDF
Legal Defense Fund, Legal Defense and Educational Fund of the NAACP
LEAA
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
L.Ed.
Lawyers' Edition Supreme Court Reports
LI
Letter of interpretation
LLC
Limited Liability Company
LLP
Limited Liability Partnership
LMSA
Labor-Management Services Administration
LNTS
League of Nations Treaty Series
Lofft's Rep.
Lofft's English King's Bench Reports
L.R.
Law Reports (English)
LSAC
Law School Admission Council
LSAS
Law School Admission Service
LSAT
Law School Aptitude Test
LSC
Legal Services Corporation; Legal Services for Children
LSD
Lysergic acid diethylamide
LSDAS
Law School Data Assembly Service
LTBT
Limited Test Ban Treaty
LTC
Long Term Care
MAD
Mutual assured destruction
MADD
Mothers against Drunk Driving
MALDEF
Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund
Malloy
William M. Malloy, ed., Treaties, Conventions International Acts, Protocols, and Agreements between the United States of America and Other Powers (1910-1938)
Martens
Georg Friedrich von Martens, ea., Noveau recueil général de traités et autres actes relatifs aux rapports de droit international (Series I, 20 vols. [1843-1875]; Series II, 35 vols. [1876-1908]; Series III [1909- ]); Mass.
Massachusetts Reports
MCC
Metropolitan Correctional Center
MCCA
Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act of 1988
MCH
Maternal and Child Health Bureau
MCRA
Medical Care Recovery Act of 1962
MDA
Medical Devices Amendments of 1976
Md. App.
Maryland, Appeal Cases
M.D. Ga.
Middle District, Georgia
Mercy
Movement Ensuring the Right to Choose for Yourself
Metc.
Metcalf's Massachusetts Reports
MFDP
Mississippi Freedom Democratic party
MGT
Management
MHSS
Military Health Services System
Miller
David Hunter Miller, ea., Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America (1931-1948)
Minn.
Minnesota Reports
MINS
Minors in need of supervision
MIRV
Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle
MIRVed ICBM
Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicled intercontinental ballistic missile
Misc.
Miscellaneous Reports, New York
Mixed Claims Comm., Report of Decs
Mixed Claims Commission, United States and Germany, Report of Decisions
M.J.
Military Justice Reporter
MLAP
Migrant Legal Action Program
MLB
Major League Baseball
MLDP
Mississippi Loyalist Democratic Party
MMI
Moslem Mosque, Incorporated
MMPA
Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972
Mo.
Missouri Reports
MOD
Masters of Deception
Mod.
Modern Reports, English King's Bench, etc.
Moore, Dig. Intl. Law
John Bassett Moore, A Digest of International Law, 8 vols. (1906)
Moore, Intl. Arbs.
John Bassett Moore, History and Digest of the International Arbitrations to Which United States Has Been a Party, 6 vols. (1898)
Morison
William Maxwell Morison, The Scots Revised Report: Morison's Dictionary of Decisions (1908-09)
M.P.
Member of Parliament
MP3
MPEG Audio Layer 3
MPAA
Motion Picture Association of America
MPAS
Michigan Protection and Advocacy Service
MPEG
Motion Picture Experts Group
mpg
Miles per gallon
MPPDA
Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America
MPRSA
Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972
M.R.
Master of the Rolls
MS-DOS
Microsoft Disk Operating System
MSHA
Mine Safety and Health Administration
MSPB
Merit Systems Protection Board
MSSA
Military Selective Service Act
N/A
Not Available
NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
NAAQS
National Ambient Air Quality Standards
NAB
National Association of Broadcasters
NABSW
National Association of Black Social Workers
NACDL
National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement of 1993
NAGHSR
National Association of Governors' Highway Safety Representatives
NALA
National Association of Legal Assistants
NAM
National Association of Manufacturers
NAR
National Association of Realtors
NARAL
National Abortion and Reproductive Rights Action League
NARF
Native American Rights Fund
NARS
National Archives and Record Service
NASA
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASD
National Association of Securities Dealers
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NAVINFO
Navy Information Offices
NAWSA
National American Woman's Suffrage Association
NBA
National Bar Association; National Basketball Association
NBC
National Broadcasting Company
NBLSA
National Black Law Student Association
NBS
National Bureau of Standards
NCA
Noise Control Act; National Command Authorities
NCAA
National Collegiate Athletic Association
NCAC
National Coalition against Censorship
NCCB
National Consumer Cooperative Bank
NCE
Northwest Community Exchange
NCF
National Chamber Foundation
NCIP
National Crime Insurance Program
NCJA
National Criminal Justice Association
NCLB
National Civil Liberties Bureau
NCP
National contingency plan
NCSC
National Center for State Courts
NCUA
National Credit Union Administration
NDA
New drug application
N.D. Ill.
Northern District, Illinois
NDU
National Defense University
N.D. Wash.
Northern District, Washington
N.E.
North Eastern Reporter
N.E. 2d
North Eastern Reporter, Second Series
NEA
National Endowment for the Arts; National Education Association
NEH
National Endowment for the Humanities
NEPA
National Environmental Protection Act; National Endowment Policy Act
NET Act
No Electronic Theft Act
NFIB
National Federation of Independent Businesses
NFIP
National Flood Insurance Program
NFL
National Football League
NFPA
National Federation of Paralegal Associations
NGLTF
National Gay and Lesbian Task Force
NHL
National Hockey League
NHRA
Nursing Home Reform Act of 1987
NHTSA
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Nielsen's Rept.
Frederick Kenelm Nielsen, American and British Claims Arbitration under the Special Agreement Concluded between the United States and Great Britain, August 18, 1910 (1926)
NIEO
New International Economic Order
NIGC
National Indian Gaming Commission
NIH
National Institutes of Health
NIJ
National Institute of Justice
NIRA
National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933; National Industrial Recovery Administration
NIST
National Institute of Standards and Technology
N.J.
New Jersey Reports
N.J. Super.
New Jersey Superior Court Reports
NLEA
Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990
NLRA
National Labor Relations Act
NLRB
National Labor Relations Board
NMFS
National Marine Fisheries Service
No.
Number
NOAA
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOC
National Olympic Committee
NOI
Nation of Islam
NOL
Net operating loss
NORML
National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws
NOW
National Organization for Women
NOW
LDEF National Organization for Women Legal Defense and Education Fund
NOW/PAC
National Organization for Women Political Action Committee
NPDES
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NPL
National priorities list
NPR
National Public Radio
NPT
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1970
NRA
National Rifle Association; National Recovery Act
NRC
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
NRLC
National Right to Life Committee
NRTA
National Retired Teachers Association
NSA
National Security Agency
NSC
National Security Council
NSCLC
National Senior Citizens Law Center
NSF
National Science Foundation
NSFNET
National Science Foundation Network
NSI
Network Solutions, Inc.
NTIA
National Telecommunications and Information Administration
NTID
National Technical Institute for the Deaf
NTIS
National Technical Information Service
NTS
Naval Telecommunications System
NTSB
National Transportation Safety Board
NVRA
National Voter Registration Act N.W. North Western Reporter
N.W. 2d
North Western Reporter, Second Series
NWSA
National Woman Suffrage Association
N.Y.
New York Court of Appeals Reports
N.Y. 2d
New York Court of Appeals Reports, Second Series
N.Y.S.
New York Supplement Reporter
N.Y.S. 2d
New York Supplement Reporter, Second Series
NYSE
New York Stock Exchange
NYSLA
New York State Liquor Authority
N.Y. Sup.
New York Supreme Court Reports
NYU
New York University
OAAU
Organization of Afro American Unity
OAP
Office of Administrative Procedure
OAS
Organization of American States
OASDI
Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance Benefits
OASHDS
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Human Development Services
OCC
Office of Comptroller of the Currency
OCED
Office of Comprehensive Employment Development
OCHAMPUS
Office of Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services
OCSE
Office of Child Support Enforcement
OEA
Organizaci?n de los Estados Americanos
OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer
OFCCP
Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs
OFPP
Office of Federal Procurement Policy
OIC
Office of the Independent Counsel
OICD
Office of International Cooperation and Development
OIG
Office of the Inspector General
OJARS
Office of Justice Assistance, Research, and Statistics
OMB
Office of Management and Budget
OMPC
Office of Management, Planning, and Communications
ONP
Office of National Programs
OPD
Office of Policy Development
OPEC
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OPIC
Overseas Private Investment Corporation
Ops. Atts. Gen.
Opinions of the Attorneys-General of the United States
Ops. Comms.
Opinions of the Commissioners
OPSP
Office of Product Standards Policy
O.R.
Ontario Reports
OR
Official Records
OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Act
OSHRC
Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission
OSM
Office of Surface Mining
OSS
Office of Strategic Services
OST
Office of the Secretary
OT
Office of Transportation
OTA
Office of Technology Assessment
OTC
Over-the-counter
OTS
Office of Thrift Supervisors
OUI
Operating under the influence
OVCI
Offshore Voluntary Compliance Initiative
OWBPA
Older Workers Benefit Protection Act
OWRT
Office of Water Research and Technology
P.
Pacific Reporter
P. 2d
Pacific Reporter, Second Series
PAC
Political action committee
Pa. Oyer and Terminer
Pennsylvania Oyer and Terminer Reports
PATCO
Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization
PBGC
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
PBS
Public Broadcasting Service; Public Buildings Service
P.C.
Privy Council (English Law Reports)
PC
Personal computer; politically correct
PCBs
Polychlorinated biphenyls
PCIJ
Permanent Court of International Justice
Series A-Judgments and Orders (1922-30)
Series B-Advisory Opinions (1922-30)
Series A/B-Judgments, Orders, and Advisory Opinions (1931-40)
Series C-Pleadings, Oral Statements, and Documents relating to Judgments and Advisory Opinions (1923-42)
Series D-Acts and Documents concerning theO rganization of the World Court (1922 -47)
Series E-Annual Reports (1925-45)
PCP
Phencyclidine
P.D.
Probate Division, English Law Reports (1876-1890)
PDA
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978
PD & R
Policy Development and Research
Pepco
Potomac Electric Power Company
Perm. Ct. of Arb.
Permanent Court of Arbitration
PES
Post-Enumeration Survey
Pet.
Peters' United States Supreme Court Reports
PETA
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
PGA
Professional Golfers Association
PGM
Program
PHA
Public Housing Agency
Phila. Ct. of Oyer and Terminer
Philadelphia Court of Oyer and Terminer
PhRMA
Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America
PHS
Public Health Service
PIC
Private Industry Council
PICJ
Permanent International Court of Justice
Pick.
Pickering's Massachusetts Reports
PIK
Payment in Kind
PINS
Persons in need of supervision
PIRG
Public Interest Research Group
P.L.
Public Laws
PLAN
Pro-Life Action Network
PLC
Plaintiffs' Legal Committee
PLE
Product liability expenses
PLI
Practicing Law Institute
PLL
Product liability loss
PLLP
Professional Limited Liability Partnership
PLO
Palestine Liberation Organization
PLRA
Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995
PNET
Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty
PONY
Prostitutes of New York
POW-MIA
Prisoner of war-missing in action
Pratt
Frederic Thomas Pratt, Law of Contraband of War, with a Selection of Cases from Papers of the Right Honourable Sir George Lee (1856)
PRIDE
Prostitution to Independence, Dignity, and Equality
Proc.
Proceedings
PRP
Potentially responsible party
PSRO
Professional Standards Review Organization
PTO
Patents and Trademark Office
PURPA
Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act
PUSH
People United to Serve Humanity
PUSH-Excel
PUSH for Excellence
PWA
Public Works Administration
PWSA
Ports and Waterways Safety Act of 1972
Q.B.
Queen's Bench (England)
QTIP
Qualified Terminable Interest Property
Ralston's Rept.
Jackson Harvey Ralston, ed., Venezuelan Arbitrations of 1903 (1904)
RC
Regional Commissioner
RCRA
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
RCWP
Rural Clean Water Program
RDA
Rural Development Administration
REA
Rural Electrification Administration
Rec. des Decs. des Trib. Arb. Mixtes
G. Gidel, ed., Recueil des décisions des tribunaux arbitraux mixtes, institués par les traités de paix (1922-30)
Redmond
Vol. 3 of Charles I. Bevans, Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America, 1776-1949 (compiled by C. F. Redmond) (1969)
RESPA
Real Estate Settlement Procedure Act of 1974
RFC
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
RFRA
Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993
RIAA
Recording Industry Association of America
RICO
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations
RLUIPA
Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act
RNC
Republican National Committee
Roscoe
Edward Stanley Roscoe, ed., Reports of Prize Cases Determined in the High Court Admiralty before the Lords Commissioners of Appeals in Prize Causes and before the judicial Committee of the Privy Council from 1745 to 1859 (1905); ROTC
Reserve Officers' Training Corps
RPP
Representative Payee Program
R.S.
Revised Statutes
RTC
Resolution Trust Corp.
RUDs
Reservations, understandings, and declarations
Ryan White CARE Act
Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Research Emergency Act of 1990
SAC
Strategic Air Command
SACB
Subversive Activities Control Board
SADD
Students against Drunk Driving
SAF
Student Activities Fund
SAIF
Savings Association Insurance Fund
SALT
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
SALT I
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks of 1969-72
SAMHSA
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Sandf.
Sandford's New York Superior Court Reports
S and L
Savings and loan
SARA
Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act
SAT
Scholastic Aptitude Test
Sawy.
Sawyer's United States Circuit Court Reports
SBA
Small Business Administration
SBI
Small Business Institute
SCCC
South Central Correctional Center
SCLC
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Scott's Repts.
James Brown Scott, ed., The Hague Court Reports, 2 vols. (1916-32)
SCS
Soil Conservation Service; Social Conservative Service
SCSEP
Senior Community Service Employment Program
S.Ct.
Supreme Court Reporter
S.D. Cal.
Southern District, California
S.D. Fla.
Southern District, Florida
S.D. Ga.
Southern District, Georgia
SDI
Strategic Defense Initiative
S.D. Me.
Southern District, Maine
S.D.N.Y.
Southern District, New York
SDS
Students for a Democratic Society
S.E.
South Eastern Reporter
S.E. 2d
South Eastern Reporter, Second Series
SEA
Science and Education Administration
SEATO
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
SEC
Securities and Exchange Commission
Sec.
Section
SEEK
Search for Elevation, Education and Knowledge
SEOO
State Economic Opportunity Office
SEP
Simplified employee pension plan
Ser.
Series
Sess.
Session
SGLI
Servicemen's Group Life Insurance
SIP
State implementation plan
SLA
Symbionese Liberation Army
SLAPPs
Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation
SLBM
Submarine-launched ballistic missile
SNCC
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
So.
Southern Reporter
So. 2d
Southern Reporter, Second Series
SPA
Software Publisher's Association
Spec. Sess.
Special Session
SPLC
Southern Poverty Law Center
SRA
Sentencing Reform Act of 1984
SS
Schutzstaffel (German, "Protection Echelon")
SSA
Social Security Administration
SSI
Supplemental Security Income
START I
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty of 1991
START II
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty of 1993
Stat.
United States Statutes at Large
STS
Space Transportation Systems
St. Tr.
State Trials, English
STURAA
Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987
Sup. Ct. of Justice, Mexico
Supreme Court of Justice, Mexico
Supp.
Supplement
S.W.
South Western Reporter
S.W. 2d
South Western Reporter, Second Series
SWAPO
South-West Africa People's Organization
SWAT
Special Weapons and Tactics
SWP
Socialist Workers Party
TDP
Trade and Development Program
Tex. Sup.
Texas Supreme Court Reports
THAAD
Theater High-Altitude Area Defense System
THC
Tetrahydrocannabinol
TI
Tobacco Institute
TIA
Trust Indenture Act of 1939
TIAS
Treaties and Other International Acts Series (United States)
TNT
Trinitrotoluene
TOP
Targeted Outreach Program
TPUS
Transportation and Public Utilities Service
TQM
Total Quality Management
Tripartite Claims Comm., Decs. and Ops.
Tripartite Claims Commission (United States, Austria, and Hungary), Decisions and Opinions
TRI-TAC
Joint Tactical Communications
TRO
Temporary restraining order
TS
Treaty Series, United States
TSCA
Toxic Substance Control Act
TSDs
Transporters, storers, and disposers
TSU
Texas Southern University
TTBT
Threshold Test Ban Treaty
TV
Television Justice, Mexico
TVA
Tennessee Valley Authority
TWA
Trans World Airlines
UAW
United Auto Workers; United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implements Workers of America
U.C.C.
Uniform Commercial Code; Universal Copyright Convention
U.C.C.C.
Uniform Consumer Credit Code
UCCJA
Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act
UCMJ
Uniform Code of Military Justice
UCPP
Urban Crime Prevention Program
UCS
United Counseling Service
UDC
United Daughters of the Confederacy
UFW
United Farm Workers
UHF
Ultrahigh frequency
UIFSA
Uniform Interstate Family Support Act
UIS
Unemployment Insurance Service
UMDA
Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act
UMTA
Urban Mass Transportation Administration
U.N.
United Nations
UNCITRAL
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
UNCTAD
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UN Doc.
United Nations Documents
UNDP
United Nations Development Program
UNEF
United Nations Emergency Force
UNESCO
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
UNICEF
United Nations Children's Fund (formerly United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund)
UNIDO
United Nations Industrial and Development Organization
Unif. L. Ann.
Uniform Laws Annotated
UN Repts. Intl. Arb. Awards
United Nations Reports of International Arbitral Awards
UNTS
United Nations Treaty Series
UPI
United Press International
URESA
Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act
U.S.
United States Reports
U.S.A.
United States of America
USAF
United States Air Force
USA PATRIOT Act
Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act
U.S. App. D.C.
United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia
U.S.C.
United States Code; University of Southern California
U.S.C.A.
United States Code Annotated
U.S.C.C.A.N.
United States Code Congressional and Administrative News
USCMA
United States Court of Military Appeals
USDA
U.S. Department of Agriculture
USES
United States Employment Service
USF
U.S. Forestry Service
USFA
United States Fire Administration
USGA
United States Golf Association
USICA
International Communication Agency, United States
USMS
U.S. Marshals Service
USOC
U.S. Olympic Committee
USSC
U.S. Sentencing Commission
USSG
United States Sentencing Guidelines
U.S.S.R.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
UST
United States Treaties
USTS
United States Travel Service
v.
Versus
VA
Veterans Administration
VAR
Veterans Affairs and Rehabilitation Commission
VAWA
Violence against Women Act
VFW
Veterans of Foreign Wars
VGLI
Veterans Group Life Insurance
Vict.
Queen Victoria (Great Britain)
VIN
Vehicle identification number
VISTA
Volunteers in Service to America
VJRA
Veterans Judicial Review Act of 1988
V.L.A.
Volunteer Lawyers for the Arts
VMI
Virginia Military Institute
VMLI
Veterans Mortgage Life Insurance
VOCAL
Victims of Child Abuse Laws
VRA
Voting Rights Act
WAC
Women's Army Corps
Wall.
Wallace's United States Supreme Court Reports
Wash. 2d
Washington Reports, Second Series
WAVES
Women Accepted for Volunteer Service
WCTU
Women's Christian Temperance Union
W.D. Wash.
Western District, Washington
W.D. Wis.
Western District, Wisconsin
WEAL
West's Encyclopedia of American Law, Women's Equity Action League
Wend.
Wendell's New York Reports
WFSE
Washington Federation of State Employees
Wheat.
Wheaton's United States Supreme Court Reports
Wheel. Cr. Cases
Wheeler's New York Criminal Cases
WHISPER
Women Hurt in Systems of Prostitution Engaged in Revolt
Whiteman
Marjorie Millace Whiteman, Digest of International Law, 15 vols. (1963-73)
WHO
World Health Organization
WIC
Women, Infants, and Children program
Will. and Mar.
King William and Queen Mary (Great Britain)
WIN
WESTLAW Is Natural; Whip Inflation Now; Work Incentive Program
WIPO
World Intellectual Property Organization
WIU
Workers' Industrial Union
W.L.R.
Weekly Law Reports, England
WPA
Works Progress Administration
WPPDA
Welfare and Pension Plans Disclosure Act
WTO
World Trade Organization
WWI
World War I
WWII
World War II
Yates Sel. Cas.
Yates's New York Select Cases
YMCA
Young Men's Christian Association
YWCA
Young Women's Christian Association

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