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Asset

From lawbrain.com

Real or personal property, whether tangible or intangible, that has financial value and can be used for the payment of its owner's debts.

An accrued asset is one that arises from revenue earned but not yet due. For example, an accrued dividend is a share of the net earnings of a corporation that has been declared but has not yet been paid out to its shareholder(s).

In bankruptcy, an asset is any form of property owned by a debtor who is insolvent that is not exempt from being used to repay debts.

For income tax purposes, a capital asset is property held by a taxpayer for personal enjoyment or investment, such as a home, furniture, stocks and bonds, or an automobile, but does not include inventory, commercial accounts, and notes receivable, depreciable property, commercial property, copyrights, and short-term government obligations. When a capital asset is sold, any gain received is given preferential tax treatment.

A current, liquid, or quick asset is an item that can be readily converted to cash, such as stocks and bonds.

A fixed asset is one of a permanent or longterm nature used in the operation of a business and not intended for sale.

A frozen asset is one that cannot be easily converted into cash, such as real estate when there is no market, or that cannot be used because of a legal restriction, such as a spend-thrift trust.

An intangible asset is one to which an arbitrary dollar value is attached because it has no intrinsic market value but represents financial value, such as the good will of a business, trademarks, or patents.


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