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Bradwell v. Illinois
In Bradwell v. State of Illinois, the United States Supreme Court narrowly construed the Privileges and Immunities Clause of the Fourteeth Amendment. 83 U.S. 130 (1872). In an 8-1 ruling, it upheld the decision of the Illinois court, ruling that the Privileges or Immunities Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment did not include the right to practice a profession. Therefore, the states are within their rights to regulate a profession.
The case is also notable for being an early legal challenge to gender discrimination in the United States.