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Rakas v. Illinois

From lawbrain.com

Rakas v. Illinois, 439 U.S. 128 (1978), was a criminal procedure case heard by the United States Supreme Court in which standing to invoke unreasonable search is discussed.

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Contents

Summary of Case Facts

An armed robbery was reported to police with a description of the getaway car. Officers on patrol recognized a vehicle that matched the earlier description and pulled the vehicle over. Upon searching the vehicle officers found a firearm and ammunition inside. The passengers in this case (Rakas) filed a motion to suppress the evidence discovered during the search. The court dismissed the motion for lack of standing.

Issue

Do the petitioners have standing to challenge the admissibility of the evidence seized?

Holding and Law

No. The passengers in the car were merely sitting in the car and had no reasonable expectation of privacy in the vehicle. As the vehicle did not belong to Rakas they had no standing to challenge the legitimacy of the search under the Fourth Amendment.

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