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Arizona House Bill 2281

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Arizona House Bill 2281 modified the state public education system in regards to the teaching of ethnic studies in Arizona public schools.



Pursuant to Section 15-701 of the Arizona Revised Statutes, the Arizona State Board of Education prescribes a minimum course of study which the school district must approve. Under subsection 15-701.01, the school district governing boards may adopt courses of study that are in addition to or higher than those prescribed by the Board of Education.

However, House Bill 2281 gives the Board of Education the jurisdiction to determine if a school district or charter school is violating this Act by undertaking the following actions: (1) promoting the overthrow of the U.S. government; (2) promoting resentment toward a race of class of people; (3) holding courses designed for pupils of a particular ethnic group; and (4) advocating ethnic solidaity instead of the treatment of pupils as individuals. If the Boards discovers a violation by the school district, then schools may lose up to 10% of their monthly apportionment of state aid.[1]

On April 29, 2010, the state school chief, Tom Horne, issued a press release celebrating winning the two-year battle against "so-called Ethnic Studies programs in Arizona".[2] In his press release, Superintendent Horne believes that "[e]thnic studies programs teach the opposite, and are designed to promote ethnic chauvinism." Id.   

On May 11, 2010, Governor Jan Brewer signed House Bill 2281.


  1. http://www.azleg.gov/FormatDocument.asp?inDoc=/legtext/49leg/2r/summary/h.hb2281_03-18-10_houseengrossed.doc.htm
  2. http://www.ade.state.az.us/pio/Press-Releases/2010/pr04-29-10.pdf

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