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EU Privacy Law

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The privacy laws of the European Union follow a comprehensive approach, meaning the laws cover both public and private sectors.

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Information Privacy Principles

The EU follows the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data[1]. These guidelines are based on fair information practices.The OECD information privacy principles[2] include:

  • Principle 1: Collection Limitation
  • Principle 2: Data Quality
  • Principle 3: Purpose Specification
  • Principle 4: Use Limitation
  • Principle 5: Security Safeguards
  • Principle 6: Openness
  • Principle 7: Individual Participation
  • Principle 8: Accountability

Cross-Border Data Transfer

European Union

United Kingdom


  1. http://www.oecd.org/document/18/0,3343,en_2649_34255_1815186_1_1_1_1,00.html
  2. http://www.oecd.org/document/18/0,3343,en_2649_34255_1815186_1_1_1_1,00.html#part2
  3. http://www.export.gov/safeharbor/eu/eg_main_018365.asp
  4. http://www.export.gov/safeharbor/swiss/eg_main_018498.asp
  5. http://ec.europa.eu/justice_home/fsj/privacy/workinggroup/consultations/binding-rules_en.htm
  6. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31995L0046:EN:HTML

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