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Difference between revisions of "Legalization of marijuana"

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<br>It is&nbsp;currently illegal to cultivate, sell or use marijuana&nbsp;-- a drug extracted from the Indian hemp plant Cannabis sativa&nbsp; --&nbsp; in the United States by [http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/uscode/21/13/I/A/801 federal law].<ref>Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, 21 U.S.C. § 801 et. seq.</ref> There is an unresolved question of law regarding states' rights to regulate and legislate the use of marijuana.<br>&nbsp;<br>A limited exception has been made in about 14 states whereby it is legal to use marijuana for medicinal purposes.<br>&nbsp;<br>In addition, some states have decriminalized the possession of marijuana. A person found to be in possession of a small quantity of marijuana in one of these states may only face civil misdemeanor charges and a fine. By contrast, in some of the more conservative states, federal laws and mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines are still enforced which can result in incarceration for a first offense of possession of marijuana in any quantity.<br>&nbsp;<br>Currently, there is an effort in California to get a [http://www.sfchron.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2009/06/11/MNER184D84.DTL ballot measure in the 2010] elections<ref>Carla Marinucci, Backers of legal pot eye ballot, SF Chronicle, Jun 11, 2009.</ref> which, if successful, will legalize the use of marijuana and tax its sale.<br>&nbsp;  
+
The legalization of marijuana is a movement to de-criminalize the use and cultivation of marijuana.
 +
 
 +
== Overview ==
 +
 
 +
It is currently illegal to cultivate, sell or use marijuana-- a drug extracted from the Indian hemp plant Cannabis sativa in the United States by federal law.<ref>[http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/uscode/21/13/I/A/801</ref> There is an unresolved question of law regarding states' rights to regulate and legislate the use of marijuana.  
 +
 
 +
A limited exception has been made in about 14 states for whereby it is legal to use [[Medical marijuana|marijuana for medicinal purposes]]. In addition, some states have decriminalized the possession of marijuana. A person found to be in possession of a small quantity of marijuana in one of these states may only face civil misdemeanor charges and a fine.  
 +
 
 +
By contrast, in some of the more conservative states, federal laws and mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines are still enforced which can result in [[Incarceration|incarceration]] for a first offense of [[Possession of marijuana|possession of marijuana]] in any quantity. Currently, there is an effort in California to get a [http://www.sfchron.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2009/06/11/MNER184D84.DTL ballot measure in the 2010] elections<ref>Carla Marinucci, Backers of legal pot eye ballot, SF Chronicle, Jun 11, 2009.</ref> which, if successful, will legalize the use of marijuana and tax its sale.<br>&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
== Table of State Marijuana Laws ==
  
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" style="width: 601px; height: 1094px;"
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" style="width: 601px; height: 1094px;"
|+ State marijuana laws  
+
|+ State marijuana laws
 
|-
 
|-
| State  
+
| State
|  
+
|
Conditional  
+
Conditional
  
Release  
+
Release
  
| Decriminalized  
+
| Decriminalized
|  
+
|
Mandatory  
+
Mandatory
  
Sentencing  
+
Sentencing
  
| Medical  
+
| Medical
| Hemp  
+
| Hemp
| DUI&nbsp;Drug  
+
| DUI&nbsp;Drug
 
| Tax Stamp
 
| Tax Stamp
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
|
Alabama  
+
Alabama
  
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
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| valign="middle" align="center" | X
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+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Alaska  
+
| Alaska
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
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| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
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+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Arizona  
+
| Arizona
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
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| valign="middle" align="center" |
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| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Arkansas  
+
| Arkansas
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
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| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| California  
+
| California
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
X  
+
X
  
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Colorado  
+
| Colorado
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Connecticut  
+
| Connecticut
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Dist. of Columbia  
+
| Dist. of Columbia
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Delaware  
+
| Delaware
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Florida  
+
| Florida
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Georgia  
+
| Georgia
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Hawai'i  
+
| Hawai'i
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Idaho  
+
| Idaho
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
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+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Illinois  
+
| Illinois
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Indiana  
+
| Indiana
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Iowa  
+
| Iowa
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Kansas  
+
| Kansas
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Kentucky  
+
| Kentucky
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Louisiana  
+
| Louisiana
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Maine  
+
| Maine
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Maryland  
+
| Maryland
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Massachusetts  
+
| Massachusetts
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Michigan  
+
| Michigan
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Minnesota  
+
| Minnesota
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Mississippi  
+
| Mississippi
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Missouri  
+
| Missouri
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Montana  
+
| Montana
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Nebraska  
+
| Nebraska
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Nevada  
+
| Nevada
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| New Hampshire  
+
| New Hampshire
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| New Jersey  
+
| New Jersey
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| New Mexico  
+
| New Mexico
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| New York  
+
| New York
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| North Carolina  
+
| North Carolina
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| North Dakota  
+
| North Dakota
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Ohio  
+
| Ohio
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Oklahoma  
+
| Oklahoma
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Oregon  
+
| Oregon
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Pennsylvania  
+
| Pennsylvania
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Rhode Island  
+
| Rhode Island
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| South Carolina  
+
| South Carolina
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| South Dakota  
+
| South Dakota
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Tennessee  
+
| Tennessee
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Texas  
+
| Texas
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Utah  
+
| Utah
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
 
|-
 
|-
| Vermont  
+
| Vermont
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Virginia  
+
| Virginia
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Washington  
+
| Washington
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| West Virginia  
+
| West Virginia
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Wisconsin  
+
| Wisconsin
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|-
 
|-
| Wyoming  
+
| Wyoming
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" | X  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" | X
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
| valign="middle" align="center" |  
+
| valign="middle" align="center" |
 
|}
 
|}
  
(source: The National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws ([http://www.norml.org/index.cfm?wtm_view=&Group_ID=4516 NORML]))<br>&nbsp;{{Stub}}<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <br><references /><br>  
+
(source: The National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws ([http://www.norml.org/index.cfm?wtm_view=&Group_ID=4516 NORML]))<br>&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
== References ==
 +
 
 +
<references /><br>
 +
 
 +
== External Links ==
 +
* [http://nationalsubstanceabuseindex.org/act1970.htm National Substance Abuse Index]
 +
* [http://www.justice.gov/dea/pubs/csa.html U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration]
 +
 
 +
== Related Resources on FindLaw ==
 +
 
 +
* [http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/uscode/21/13/I/A/801Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, 21 U.S.C. § 801 et. seq.]
 +
 
 +
== Related Blogs on FindLaw ==
 +
 
 +
<rss>http://search.yahooapis.com/WebSearchService/rss/webSearch.xml?appid=yahoosearchwebrss&query=marijuana+legalization%20site:blogs.findlaw.com|max=5</rss> <br> <!-- Begin Yahoo Web Services HTML Attribution Snippet -->&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; [http://www.developer.yahoo.com Web Services by Yahoo!] <!-- End Yahoo Web Services HTML Attribution Snippet -->
  
[[Category:Statutes]] [[Category:Eleventh_Amendment]]
+
== See Also ==
 +
* [[Medical marijuana]]
 +
* [[National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws]]
 +
* [[Narcotics Acts]]
  
 +
[[Category:Statutes]]
 +
[[Category:Eleventh Amendment]]
 
[[Category:Drugs]]
 
[[Category:Drugs]]

Revision as of 23:13, 26 May 2010

The legalization of marijuana is a movement to de-criminalize the use and cultivation of marijuana.

Contents

Overview

It is currently illegal to cultivate, sell or use marijuana-- a drug extracted from the Indian hemp plant Cannabis sativa in the United States by federal law.[1] There is an unresolved question of law regarding states' rights to regulate and legislate the use of marijuana.

A limited exception has been made in about 14 states for whereby it is legal to use marijuana for medicinal purposes. In addition, some states have decriminalized the possession of marijuana. A person found to be in possession of a small quantity of marijuana in one of these states may only face civil misdemeanor charges and a fine.

By contrast, in some of the more conservative states, federal laws and mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines are still enforced which can result in incarceration for a first offense of possession of marijuana in any quantity. Currently, there is an effort in California to get a ballot measure in the 2010 elections[2] which, if successful, will legalize the use of marijuana and tax its sale.
 

Table of State Marijuana Laws

State marijuana laws
State

Conditional

Release

Decriminalized

Mandatory

Sentencing

Medical Hemp DUI Drug Tax Stamp

Alabama

X X
Alaska X X
Arizona X
Arkansas X X
California

X

X X
Colorado X X X
Connecticut X X
Dist. of Columbia X X
Delaware X
Florida X
Georgia X X X X
Hawai'i X X
Idaho X
Illinois X X
Indiana X X X
Iowa X X X X
Kansas X X
Kentucky X X
Louisiana X X
Maine X X X
Maryland X X X
Massachusetts X X X X
Michigan X X X
Minnesota X X X X X
Mississippi X
Missouri
Montana X X X X
Nebraska X X X X
Nevada X X X X
New Hampshire
New Jersey X
New Mexico X
New York X
North Carolina X X X X X
North Dakota X X
Ohio X X X
Oklahoma X X X
Oregon X X X X
Pennsylvania X X X
Rhode Island X X X X
South Carolina X X X
South Dakota X
Tennessee X
Texas X
Utah X X
Vermont X X X
Virginia X X X X
Washington X X
West Virginia X X
Wisconsin X X X
Wyoming X X

(source: The National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML))
 

References

  1. [http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/uscode/21/13/I/A/801
  2. Carla Marinucci, Backers of legal pot eye ballot, SF Chronicle, Jun 11, 2009.

External Links

Related Resources on FindLaw

Related Blogs on FindLaw

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See Also

Contributors

FindLaw Nira, FindLaw Sarah, FindLaw VM, Pddooley