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Difference between revisions of "Military Commissions Act of 2006"

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(Created page with 'The Military Commissions Act ("MCA") was passed by the 109th Congress and signed by President George W. Bush in 2006. This Act authorized "trial by military commission for violat...')
 
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The Military Commissions Act ("MCA") was passed by the 109th Congress and signed by President George W. Bush in 2006. This Act authorized "trial by military commission for violations of the law of war, and for other purposes." The passage of this Act followed the heels of the U.S. Supreme Court decision, Hamdan v. Rumsfeld.   
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The Military Commissions Act (Public Law 109-366, also known as"MCA") was passed by the 109th Congress and signed by President George W. Bush in 2006. This Act authorized "trial by military commission for violations of the law of war, and for other purposes." The passage of this Act followed the heels of the U.S. Supreme Court decision, Hamdan v. Rumsfeld.   
  
 
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== Overview  ==
 
== Overview  ==
  
In Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the military commissions envisioned by President Bush need Congressional approval partially due to their violation of Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions.  
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In ''Hamdan v. Rumsfeld'', the [[United_states_supreme_court|U.S. Supreme Court]] held that the military commissions envisioned by President George W. Bush needed Congressional approval partially due to their violation of Common Article 3 of the [[Geneva_Conventions|Geneva Conventions]].<ref>http://writ.news.findlaw.com/commentary/20060926_huq.html</ref>
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This Act empowered the President to establish military commissions for offenses designated within the statute. The statute provided procedures governing the use of military commissions when trying unlawful enemy combatants engaging in hostilities against the United States. These charges were based primarily on violations of the [[Rules_Of_War|laws of war]] and other statutorily determined offenses.<ref>http://www.defense.gov/news/d2007OMCFactSheet08Feb07.pdf</ref>&nbsp;
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
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*[http://www.aclu.org/national-security/military-commissions-act-2006 Military Commissions Act of 2006]  
 
*[http://www.aclu.org/national-security/military-commissions-act-2006 Military Commissions Act of 2006]  
 
*[http://content.usatoday.com/topics/topic/Military+Commissions+Act Military Commissions Act - Topic Page]
 
*[http://content.usatoday.com/topics/topic/Military+Commissions+Act Military Commissions Act - Topic Page]
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*[http://www.defense.gov/news/commissionsacts.html Military Commissions Act - Department of Defense]
  
 
== Related Resources on FindLaw  ==
 
== Related Resources on FindLaw  ==
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*[[Enemy Combatant]]  
 
*[[Enemy Combatant]]  
 
*[[Rules of War]]
 
*[[Rules of War]]
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*[[Military Commissions Act of 2009]]

Revision as of 17:24, 28 May 2010

The Military Commissions Act (Public Law 109-366, also known as"MCA") was passed by the 109th Congress and signed by President George W. Bush in 2006. This Act authorized "trial by military commission for violations of the law of war, and for other purposes." The passage of this Act followed the heels of the U.S. Supreme Court decision, Hamdan v. Rumsfeld. 

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Contents

Overview

In Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the military commissions envisioned by President George W. Bush needed Congressional approval partially due to their violation of Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions.[1]

This Act empowered the President to establish military commissions for offenses designated within the statute. The statute provided procedures governing the use of military commissions when trying unlawful enemy combatants engaging in hostilities against the United States. These charges were based primarily on violations of the laws of war and other statutorily determined offenses.[2] 



References

  1. http://writ.news.findlaw.com/commentary/20060926_huq.html
  2. http://www.defense.gov/news/d2007OMCFactSheet08Feb07.pdf

External Links

Related Resources on FindLaw

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