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Sean MacBride

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Born January 26, 1904

Sean MacBride was an Irish Statesman, civil rights lawyer, winner of the 1974 Nobel Peace Prize, and a founder of Amnesy International. He also helped write the constitution of Ghana as it emerged as an independet nation.  Sean wrote the "MacBride principles" which helped bring awareness to practices and business involvement in Northern Ireland.  These   affirmative action principles adopted into US law in 1999  included:

  1. Increasing the representation of individuals from under-represented religious groups in the workforce including managerial, supervisory, administrative, clerical and technical jobs.
  2. Adequate security for the protection of minority employees both at the workplace and while traveling to and from work.
  3. The banning of provocative religious or political emblems at the workplace.
  4. All job openings should be publicity advertised and special recruitment efforts should be made to attract applicants from under-represented religious groups.
  5. Lay-off, recall, and termination procedures should not in practice favor particular religious groupings.
  6. The abolition of job reservations, apprenticeship restrictions and differential employment criteria, which discriminate on the basis of religious or ethnic origin.
  7. The development of training programs that will prepare substantial numbers of current minority employees for skilled jobs, including the expansion of existing programs and the creation of new programs to train, upgrade, and improve the skills of minority employees.
  8. The establishment of procedures to assess, identify, and actively recruit minority employees with the potential for further advancement.
  9. The appointment of a senior management staff member to oversee the company's affirmative action efforts and the setting up of timetables to carry out affirmative action principles.

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