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  • ...an [[Citizens|citizens]], Cuba remains the only country in the world their government prohibits them from visiting. ...ermissible purposes are academic research, humanitarian outreach, official government business and journalism. Other Americans defy the travel ban and enter Cuba
    2 KB (288 words) - 11:01, 12 January 2010
  • ...as legislation that would limit and regulate access to abortion, including government financing of abortion procedures. Some anti-abortion groups have practiced ...receive funds through title X of the Public Health Service Act of 1970, 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 300–300a-6. T
    57 KB (8,720 words) - 15:50, 1 July 2010
  • <div type="article"><p>The McCarran-Ferguson Act of 1945 (15 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1011 et seq.) gives states the authority to regulate the "busine ...S.C.A. &#xA7; 12 et seq., and the Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914, 15 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 41&#x2013;51, apply to the business of insurance to the ex
    5 KB (752 words) - 07:44, 2 December 2009
  • ... of designated Communist-action organizations to regulation by the federal government.'' ...fficials perceived a threat of violent and forcible over-throw of the U.S. government by U.S. Communist groups that advocated this objective. Among other things,
    1 KB (225 words) - 14:48, 6 January 2010
  • ...s to become involved in the government. The McCarran-Walter Act of 1952 (8 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1101 et seq.) imposed stricter restrictions on immigration.</p>
    2 KB (304 words) - 07:44, 2 December 2009
  • ...controversial campaign against supposed Communist infiltration of the U.S. government. His accusations and methods of interrogation of witnesses came to be calle ... Communism and the menace of the Soviet Union as well as angry at the U.S. government's apparent inability to prevent the spread of Communism.
    5 KB (705 words) - 13:59, 6 January 2010
  • ...te Department|State Department]]</span> and other divisions of the federal government. McCarthy was a master of the media, attracting front-page coverage for his ... known as the <span>[[Landrum Griffin Act|landrum-griffin act]]</span> (29 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 401 et seq.). This act sought to prevent union corruption and to
    4 KB (618 words) - 07:44, 2 December 2009
  • ...by the U.S. Supreme Court that established the principles that the federal government possesses broad powers to pass a number of types of laws, and that the stat ...]]</span> of the Constitution, was a blanket authorization for the federal government to regulate the states.
    5 KB (899 words) - 08:33, 3 September 2010
  • <p>The war experience also sparked McGranery's interest in law and government. While at Temple, and later at Temple Law School, he became active in local ...lso reviewed board-of-appeals findings under the Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C.A. App. 451-471a).</p>
    8 KB (1,200 words) - 07:44, 2 December 2009
  • ...fully defended the constitutionality of the Public Holding Company Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 79 et seq.) and fully supported an international military tribunal's ...he Justice Department would investigate and clean up any corruption in the government. When critics objected to the Justice Department's investigating itself, th
    9 KB (1,435 words) - 13:45, 30 December 2009
  • ... very restricted duties of the investigating and arresting officers of the Government and which tends to undermine the integrity of the criminal proceeding."</p> ...n 1968, Congress passed the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act (42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 3701 et seq.), which allowed the admission of a confession at tr
    6 KB (1,039 words) - 07:45, 2 December 2009
  • ... S. Ct. 837, 79 L. Ed. 1570 (1935), and the Agricultural Adjustment Act, 7 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 601 et seq., in <i>United States v. Butler</i>, 297 U.S. 1, 56 S ...he <span>[[Social Security Act Of|social security act of]]</span> 1935, 42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 301 et seq., castigating the idea that the Constitution gave the
    4 KB (667 words) - 07:45, 2 December 2009
  • ...ical care. The program is a joint federal-state endeavor, with the federal government providing money to the states, which provide additional financing and admin ...istering the Medicaid program. For example, from 1987 to 1992, the federal government imposed 30 mandates on states that related to eligibility, reimbursement, a
    10 KB (1,543 words) - 07:45, 2 December 2009
  • ...don B. Johnson's <span>[[Great Society|Great Society]]</span> programs (42 U.S.C.A. §§ 1395 et seq.). ...is not supported by a large, federal organizational hierarchy. The federal government enters into contracts with private insurance companies for the processing o
    11 KB (1,690 words) - 09:05, 30 April 2010
  • ...h, Meese's former law school classmate and personal attorney, to lobby the government on its behalf. In 1982, Meese helped Wedtech, at Wallach's urging, to get a
    7 KB (1,078 words) - 17:06, 30 December 2009
  • ... programs. By 1996, every State, the District of Columbia, and the Federal Government had enacted some variation of Megan's Law. ...Of 1994|violent crime control and law enforcement act of 1994]]</span> (42 U.S.C. 14071); the amendment is known as Megan's Law. This legislation directs a
    11 KB (1,725 words) - 14:43, 15 January 2010
  • ...utinizes proposed mergers. On the other hand, since the 1980s, the federal government has become less aggressive in seeking the prevention of mergers. Since the late nineteenth century, the federal government has challenged business practices and mergers that create, or may create, a
    23 KB (3,489 words) - 22:47, 15 February 2010
  • ...ained based on merit. In overseeing the personnel practices of the federal government, the board conducts special studies of the merit systems; hears and decides ...January 16, 1883. The duties and authority of the board are specified in 5 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 1201&#x2013;1206 (1978).</p>
    5 KB (698 words) - 07:47, 2 December 2009
  • <p>The U.S. government has long recognized that a stable and economically prosperous Mexico is fun ...d States. Although Mexico suffered a severe recession in 1995, the Mexican government's implementation of tough stabilization measures averted an even more serio
    11 KB (1,577 words) - 15:57, 12 July 2010
  • ... over a fundamental problem: how much power should be given to the federal government and, in particular, the federal judiciary? The answer would influence the c ... the Republicans had argued over their competing visions of strong federal government versus <span>[[States' Rights|states' rights]]</span>. The 1800 election cr
    6 KB (966 words) - 07:47, 2 December 2009
  • <div type="article"><p><i>A government that is established during or after military occupation by the victorious c ...ies when governing a territory under belligerent occupation. This military government is not the same as <span>[[Martial Law|martial law]]</span>, although the o
    7 KB (1,128 words) - 07:47, 2 December 2009
  • The authority of the government to maintain a military and to develop rules and regulations governing it is ...ilitary service may be accomplished through administrative proceedings (10 U.S.C.A. § 1169). The Department of Defense outlines the reasons, guidelines, a
    35 KB (5,501 words) - 09:05, 30 April 2010
  • ...s of professional soldiers maintained both in war and peace by the federal government.'' ... in that authority over the state militias was divided between the federal government and the state governments. Congress was given the authority to organize, ar
    18 KB (2,838 words) - 09:43, 7 January 2010
  • ...w]]</span>. His "libertarian theory" continues to attract those opposed to government interference in the lives of individuals. ...he state has no legitimate reason to compel a person to act in the way the government wishes. This principle has proved complex in application, because it is dif
    5 KB (788 words) - 11:47, 7 January 2010
  • ...ation of the Fourteenth Amendment would give too much power to the federal government and that it could distort the concept of <span>[[Federalism|federalism]]</s
    5 KB (824 words) - 07:48, 2 December 2009
  • ...sed the <span>[[Sherman Anti Trust Act|Sherman Anti-Trust Act]]</span> (15 U.S.C.A. § 1 et seq.), which outlawed trusts and monopolies that restrained tra ...orneys General of the United States, 1789–1985.'' Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
    3 KB (417 words) - 12:12, 5 January 2010
  • ...al invasion of enemy forces effectively stopped the operation of the civil government.</p>
    3 KB (409 words) - 07:48, 2 December 2009
  • ...r Labor Standards Act|Fair Labor Standards Act]]</span> of 1938 (FLSA) (29 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 201 et seq.). The FLSA culminated a long struggle for stat ...tandards for all private-industry workers. Its legal basis was the federal government's power to regulate interstate commerce. The U.S. Supreme Court, however, r
    14 KB (2,282 words) - 07:48, 2 December 2009
  • <p>As a result of his deference to the other branches of government, Minton was the only dissenter in <span>[[Youngstown Sheet And Tube Co. v.
    4 KB (607 words) - 07:49, 2 December 2009
  • ...rts. This is an archaic usage of the word. Organized rebellion against the government is now uniformly referred to as <span>[[Sedition|Sedition]]</span> or insur ...a criminal defendant's sentence if the defendant refuses to cooperate with government officials investigating a related crime. Also, a journalist who has knowled
    6 KB (956 words) - 15:05, 23 February 2010
  • ...ise but also raised the issue of whether slavery could be regulated by any government anywhere in the Union.</p>
    6 KB (933 words) - 07:49, 2 December 2009
  • ...a mistrial. On his own motion, the judge had declared a mistrial to enable government witnesses to consult with their own attorneys.
    3 KB (517 words) - 14:44, 23 February 2010
  • ...General of the United States, 1789&#x2013;1985.</i> Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.</p>
    4 KB (705 words) - 07:50, 2 December 2009
  • ... attorney general, Mitchell was primarily responsible for representing the government of the United States before the U.S. Supreme Court in cases in which the Un
    4 KB (696 words) - 07:50, 2 December 2009
  • ...institution. However, under the federal Bank Secrecy Act of 1970 (BSA), 31 U.S.C.A. §§ 5311 et seq., financial institutions are required to report deposi ...minals with money laundering. Another provision of the MLCA authorizes the government to confiscate all property that is traceable to violations of laws against
    5 KB (753 words) - 16:05, 12 July 2010
  • ...ds a patent on a product or process of production, or is otherwise granted government permission to be the sole producer of a product or service in a given area. == Government Regulation ==
    12 KB (1,835 words) - 14:39, 5 February 2010
  • ...wers to the states, as opposed to the Constitution, which gave the federal government more authority. He did believe in the development of the West and worked wi
    6 KB (892 words) - 14:22, 8 January 2010
  • ..., was a French social and political philosopher whose ideas about laws and government had great influence on the leaders of the American Revolution and the Frame According to Montesquieu, although England did not have the perfect system of government, it was the best system to be found in modern Europe because it allowed for
    12 KB (1,869 words) - 14:54, 11 December 2009
  • ...S. 375, 25 S. Ct. 276, 49 L. Ed. 518 (1905), before the Supreme Court. The government had obtained an <span>[[Injunction|injunction]]</span> against the trust by
    4 KB (580 words) - 14:48, 6 January 2010
  • ...lation under the Constitution).A federalist who firmly believed in central government, he spearheaded North Carolina's ratification of the U.S. Constitution in 1
    4 KB (697 words) - 14:41, 9 December 2009
  • ...ted and customary. People convicted of this crime can be disqualified from government office, lose their license to practice law, or be deported (in the case of ...t to determine what behavior the government should promote, if any. When a government seeks to implement a code of conduct that may conflict with the U.S. Consti
    4 KB (670 words) - 07:51, 2 December 2009
  • ...s may declare moratoria for a broad range of reasons. For example, a local government may attempt to regulate property development by imposing a moratorium on th
    4 KB (644 words) - 07:51, 2 December 2009
  • ...on law]]</span> as legal precedent. The church's differences with the U.S. government led to armed conflict in the late 1800s.</p> ...ther members of the government, most of whom were Mormons, defied the U.S. government by</p>
    8 KB (1,308 words) - 07:51, 2 December 2009
  • The federal <span>[[Truth In Lending Act|truth in lending act]]</span>, 15 U.S.C.A. §§ 1601 set. seq., requires lenders to disclose the important terms a Several agencies of the federal government have assisted the mortgage market by infusion of capital and by guarantees
    15 KB (2,599 words) - 08:38, 16 March 2010
  • ... on a multifaceted career that saw him moving between private practice and government positions while building a record of support from Republicans as well as De ...x tax and financial <span>[[Fraud|fraud]]</span> cases, drug conspiracies, government corruption, and cases involving terrorists.</p>
    6 KB (862 words) - 16:27, 12 July 2010
  • ...ed a new state constitution that gave the city the power to create its own government. ...gencies. It gives municipalities room to experiment with new approaches to government without first seeking approval from the state. It also allows municipalitie
    7 KB (1,205 words) - 10:54, 24 February 2010
  • ...w enforcement officer, prosecutor, judge, or elected, appointed, or former government official; murder committed in an especially heinous, atrocious, or cruel fa
    18 KB (2,938 words) - 10:09, 14 April 2011
  • ...gs And Loan Association|savings and loan association]]</span>. The federal government normally insures money deposited in banks or savings and loan associations; ...5 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 78a et seq.), and the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 80a&#x2013;1 et seq.).</p>
    6 KB (960 words) - 07:54, 2 December 2009
  • ...on and legislation program. It acts as the liaison between NAACP units and government agencies, and it coordinates the work of other organizations that support N ...the <span>[[Fair Housing Act Of 1968|fair housing act of 1968]]</span> (42 U.S.C.A. § 3601 et seq.). The NAACP remained an interracial group and spurned t
    17 KB (2,517 words) - 14:07, 7 January 2010
  • ...ing, insurance, gas pipelines, and meatpacking, as well as the creation of government agencies such as the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the Oc ...ct (80 Stat. 718 [15 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1381 note]). The latter created a new government body, later named the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, that
    10 KB (1,650 words) - 15:24, 28 May 2014
  • ...ution and usage of narcotic drugs has been a major priority of the federal government and the various state governments since the early part of the twentieth cen ...forcement Administration. 2003. ''Drugs of Abuse.'' Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
    8 KB (1,278 words) - 15:31, 28 May 2014
  • ... chartered by the National Consumer Cooperative Bank Act (92 Stat. 499, 12 U.S.C.A. 3001), enacted on August 20, 1978. The bank is directed by the act to e <p>The act provided that the federal government would contribute the initial capitalization of the bank through the purchas
    5 KB (740 words) - 07:55, 2 December 2009
  • ...irds of its funding from corporations and foundations; the rest comes from government sources.</p>
    6 KB (882 words) - 07:56, 2 December 2009
  • ...d. The NCUA also manages the Central Liquidity Facility, a mixed-ownership government corporation, the purpose of which is to supply emergency loans to member cr ...y in the <span>[[Executive Branch|executive branch]]</span> of the federal government. The NCUA regulates and insures all FCUs and insures state-chartered CUs th
    4 KB (545 words) - 07:56, 2 December 2009
  • ...43, the NFIB was created to give small and independent business a voice in government decision making. The NFIB is recognized as one the most influential <span>[ The NFIB opposes higher taxes on business and government regulation. At the state level, it works to lower the rates businesses are
    4 KB (557 words) - 15:44, 5 February 2010
  • ... also required dealers of the listed firearms to register with the federal government, and also required for firearms sold before the effective date of the act, ...<i>Miller v. United States</i>, 307 U.S. 174, 59 S.Ct. 816, 83 L.Ed. 1206 (U.S.Ark. 1939), two men were charged with transferring a double barrel 12-gauge
    5 KB (910 words) - 07:56, 2 December 2009
  • ...]</span> laws. With the arrival of HIV and AIDS in the 1980s, NGLTF sought government funding of medical research, and has campaigned for reform of the <span>[[H ...r perceived sexual orientation to the list of bias crimes that the federal government can prosecute.
    4 KB (530 words) - 09:19, 25 February 2010
  • ...fend the settlements from Native American domination. In 1789, the federal government formed a War Department of approximately 700 men for the purpose of defendi ...s Congress the power to provide and maintain a Navy and make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces. The Militia Clauses of the Con
    11 KB (1,841 words) - 16:27, 12 July 2010
  • ...e single-payer approach reduces overhead expenses dramatically because the government pays the medical costs directly to the provider. ...tem would make citizens too dependent upon the state, which could lead the government to take excessive control over its citizens' lives.
    9 KB (1,406 words) - 08:38, 16 March 2010
  • ...ure on wages. It was hoped that organized cooperation between business and government would correct what was perceived by some to be waste and inefficiency in th <p>contracts for the construction of public works. (The government did not directly employ workers on PWA projects, as it did in a later New D
    11 KB (1,744 words) - 07:56, 2 December 2009
  • ...-person board created in 1934 by an act amending the Railway Labor Act (45 U.S.C.A. §§ 151–158, 160–162, 1181–1188) to resolve disputes in the rail ''U.S. Government Manual'' Website. Available online at &lt;<span>http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gm
    5 KB (687 words) - 22:47, 15 February 2010
  • ...F. 1976. <i>The Origins of the National Recovery Administration: Business, Government, and the Trade Association Issue, 1921&#x2013;1933.</i> New York: Fordham U
    2 KB (322 words) - 07:56, 2 December 2009
  • ...d War II]]</span>, the association offered its shooting ranges to the U.S. government and helped develop training materials for personnel and industrial security ...that any trained, law-abiding citizen has a right to get a permit from the government to carry a firearm. As a result of the NRA's lobbying efforts, 14 states ha
    10 KB (1,501 words) - 14:11, 1 September 2010
  • ...ulating and restricting abortion, and has been instrumental in restricting government funding of abortions to poor women. The NRLC has a <span>[[Political Action
    4 KB (683 words) - 07:56, 2 December 2009
  • ...he president's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government agencies.</p> ... <span>[[Reorganization Plan|reorganization plan]]</span> No. 4 of 1949 (5 U.S.C.A. app.). The NSC was designed to provide the president with a foreign-pol
    5 KB (861 words) - 07:56, 2 December 2009
  • ... independent board by passing the Independent Safety Board Act of 1974 (49 U.S.C.A. app. &#xA7; 1901 [1982]). The act gave the NTSB sole responsibility for <p><i>U.S. Government Manual</i> Website. Available online at &lt;<span>http://www.gpoaccess.gov/
    6 KB (860 words) - 07:56, 2 December 2009
  • ...5 U.S.C. &#xA7; 3001 et. seq.). This act marks a reversal of previous U.S. government policies, not only providing protection for Native American burial sites bu ...ifficult than the issue of the remains of Native American tribes. The U.S. Government has traditionally seen these remains as worthy of archeological and scienti
    7 KB (1,199 words) - 07:57, 2 December 2009
  • ... with the U.S. government over such issues as tribal sovereignty, shifting government policies, treaties that were made and often broken, and conflicting latter- ... tribal governments, until it does so each tribe retains the right to self-government, and no state may impose its laws on the reservation. This position was rei
    37 KB (5,905 words) - 15:03, 8 January 2010
  • ...sitive law, which consists of the written rules and regulations enacted by government. The term'' natural law ''is derived from the Roman term'' jus naturale. '' ... principles are an inherent part of nature and exist regardless of whether government recognizes or enforces them. Naturalists further believe that governments m
    26 KB (3,936 words) - 13:59, 8 January 2010
  • ...owner who is inconvenienced by such work has no remedy against the federal government unless state or private property itself is taken; if such property is taken ...e Clause|Commerce Clause]]</span> (Article 1, Section 8) gives the federal government extensive authority to regulate interstate commerce. This view originated i
    4 KB (704 words) - 07:57, 2 December 2009
  • ...of Secretary of the Navy were established by the act of April 30, 1798 (10 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 5011, 5031). For nine years before that date, by act of Au ...tion, authority, and control of the cabinet-level secretary of defense (10 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 5031). The secretary is responsible for the policies and control
    13 KB (2,010 words) - 07:57, 2 December 2009
  • ...e a core constitutional precedent that protects the press from unwarranted government interference in the newsroom. ...ghts applicable to the actions of state governments as well as the federal government. Hughes stated that there was "no doubt" that freedom of the press and free
    8 KB (1,229 words) - 13:18, 3 March 2011
  • ...numerated] Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof." (Article I, ...ion, and subsequent events helped to foster the growth of a strong central government. Their debate over the Necessary and Proper Clause between Hamilton and Jef
    5 KB (805 words) - 07:57, 2 December 2009
  • <p>Over the next two decades, Nelson served the U.S. government in a number of unofficial capacities. He received the first of his official
    2 KB (389 words) - 07:58, 2 December 2009
  • ..., secured the repeal of the arms embargo in the Neutrality Act of 1939 (22 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 441). Because this repeal could work to the advantage only of Gr <p>Much of the 1939 act remains in force (22 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 441&#x2013;457), including the president's authority to fi
    8 KB (1,340 words) - 07:58, 2 December 2009
  • ... the ingenuity of private business would cure the ills of the country, not government intrusion. The American people resented President Hoover's attitude. The ca ... holiday. He guaranteed that at the end of one week's time, banks that the government found to be sound and secure would reopen. Roosevelt also announced a <span
    16 KB (2,499 words) - 12:51, 30 December 2009
  • ...on of delegates empowered by the people of the colony to establish a state government. It marks the birth of the state of New York. The constitution was not subm ...xtent that its principles conformed to the concept of a republican form of government. The reliance upon the English system was also attributable to the inexperi
    7 KB (1,118 words) - 07:58, 2 December 2009
  • ...ell include vehement, caustic, and sometimes unpleasantly sharp attacks on government and public officials." Brennan maintained that erroneous statements are ine
    6 KB (1,005 words) - 13:19, 3 March 2011
  • ...prisoners held in Vietnam. The ''Times'' and the ''Post'' claimed that the government was engaging in <span>[[Censorship|censorship]]</span>. Thus, the case pitt ...s v. United States'' involved the first type of prior restraint, since the government sought a court injunction prohibiting the newspapers from publishing portio
    11 KB (1,764 words) - 13:19, 3 March 2011
  • ...hey believed that the Constitution conferred too much power on the federal government, supported a Bill of Rights to serve as an additional constraint against de ...from government encroachment, an inference would be drawn that the federal government could exercise an implied power to regulate such liberties.
    15 KB (2,258 words) - 16:08, 24 February 2010
  • ...was investigated for allegedly passing secret information to the Communist government in the former Soviet Union. Nixon's determined pursuit of the case led to H ...h on the domestic front. He responded to strong public demand for expanded government services, and proposed a family assistance program that, had it not been vo
    18 KB (2,878 words) - 07:59, 2 December 2009
  • ...ther Nixon was required to turn over secret White House tape recordings to government prosecutors. Nixon claimed that the doctrine of executive privilege allowed
    6 KB (889 words) - 07:59, 2 December 2009
  • ...in D. Roosevelt]]</span>, who advocated an aggressive role for the federal government in national economic affairs. Congress consistently turned Roosevelt's legi ...Relations Act (NLRA or <span>[[Wagner Act|Wagner Act]]</span>) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.) was a dramatic recognition of workers' rights. The law
    7 KB (1,082 words) - 13:18, 3 March 2011
  • ...ed by the United States-Canada Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (19 U.S.C.A. § 2112 note [Supp. 1993])—which, by the mid-1990s, had already elimi ...al Environmental Policy Act|National Environmental Policy Act]]</span> (42 U.S.C.A. §§ 4321 et seq. [1977]), which requires all federal agencies to submi
    8 KB (1,172 words) - 14:35, 5 February 2010
  • ...mes and Vela Holmes on June 13, 1937, in Washington, D.C. Her father was a government employee in the District of Columbia, and her mother was a schoolteacher. N ...(29 U.S.C.A. 206) and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (29 U.S.C.A. 621).</p>
    7 KB (1,219 words) - 08:01, 2 December 2009
  • ... A candidate must fill out an application and submit it to the appropriate government agency, usually the respective state's department of the secretary of state
    9 KB (1,467 words) - 08:01, 2 December 2009
  • ...ablished under the provisions of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C.A. §5801) and <span>[[Executive Order|executive order]]</span> No. 11,834 ...th the NRC as early as the 1970s. The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (42 U.S.C.A. §§ 10101-10226), authorized a study of possible storage sites. In 198
    7 KB (1,114 words) - 16:29, 29 April 2010
  • ... written evidence of its own, including original military, diplomatic, and government files of the Nazi regime that fell into the hands of the Allies after the c <p>Hermann Goering was the most powerful surviving member of the German government to be tried at Nuremberg. Goering had been elected president of the Reichst
    28 KB (4,372 words) - 08:02, 2 December 2009
  • ...[lewd or lustful] interest." The new test was applicable to every level of government in the United States. ...rg's ''Eros'' magazine was not obscene, the Court was willing to allow the government to punish Ginzburg for appealing to his prospective subscribers' prurient i
    16 KB (2,426 words) - 09:19, 6 April 2010
  • <div type="article"><p>Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 29 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 651 et seq., a business that negligently jeopardizes the lives o ...cupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to serve as the federal government's workplace-safety watchdog, and the Occupational Safety and Health Review
    7 KB (1,076 words) - 08:04, 2 December 2009
  • ...re she entered private practice. She soon became active in state and local government, serving as a member of the Maricopa County Board of Adjustments and Appeal ...tion and supported the restoration of the death penalty and limitations on government spending. She also played an active role in <span>[[Republican Party|Republ
    6 KB (951 words) - 09:17, 15 January 2010
  • ... <span>[[Reorganization Plan|reorganization plan]]</span> No. 1 of 1939 (5 U.S.C.A. app.), effective July 1, 1939. Its functions were reorganized and the o ...hieved. It works to develop efficient coordinating mechanisms to implement government activities and to expand interagency cooperation.</p>
    4 KB (613 words) - 08:04, 2 December 2009
  • ...NDCP) was established by the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1501 et seq.) and began operations in January 1989.</p> <p>ONDCP develops and coordinates the policies and objectives of the federal government's program for reducing the use of illicit drugs. ONDCP seeks ways to combat
    6 KB (921 words) - 08:04, 2 December 2009
  • ...al Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA) (12 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1462a). The reorganization resulted from the savings and loan cr <p><i>U.S. Government Manual</i> Website. Available online at &lt;<span>http://www.gpoaccess.gov/
    4 KB (597 words) - 08:04, 2 December 2009
  • ...blic official who acts as an impartial intermediary between the public and government or bureaucracy, or an employee of an organization who mediates disputes bet ...ion. For the ombudsperson to help reduce friction between citizens and the government, he or she must be viewed as trustworthy and neutral; the process will not
    8 KB (1,256 words) - 14:03, 16 August 2010
  • ...two were polar opposites on nearly every political issue, particularly the government's role in American life.</p>
    6 KB (968 words) - 15:41, 30 December 2009
  • ...within which a municipal corporation has been established to provide local government to a population in a defined area.</p>
    2 KB (374 words) - 08:07, 2 December 2009
  • ...ernment in the early twentieth century. In 1924 Benito Mussolini's fascist government rose to power, and Mussolini orchestrated a crackdown on the Italian mafia. ...s|aliens]]</span>. RICO also includes forfeiture provisions that allow the government to take the property of parties found guilty of violations of the act.
    9 KB (1,319 words) - 15:10, 19 February 2010
  • ...te laws that have been passed by the legislative and executive branches of government but violate a constitutional principle.)</p> ...l of rights]]</span>. The Constitution separates the powers of the federal government into three branches, which help foster what is known as a system of checks
    11 KB (1,756 words) - 08:07, 2 December 2009
  • ...e U.S. Supreme Court from 1875 to 1883. A distinguished lawyer, judge, and government administrator before his appointment as reporter, Otto is also noted for su ...tto, though hardly anonymous, assembled the reports for publication by the government.</p>
    3 KB (520 words) - 08:08, 2 December 2009
  • ...th speech or conduct that the government may limit to further a compelling government interest.</i></p> ...terest. The excessive intrusion on First Amendment rights, beyond what the government had a compelling interest to restrict, renders the law unconstitutional.</p
    3 KB (482 words) - 08:08, 2 December 2009
  • ...aal. The march was a profound show of determination, and the South African government opened negotiations with Gandhi shortly thereafter.</p> ...t Association. The boycott lasted over one year, until the Montgomery city government abolished segregation on buses. King's leadership had helped effect politic
    15 KB (2,397 words) - 08:09, 2 December 2009
  • ...an influential political writer whose support of revolution and republican government emboldened the American colonists to declare independence from England. In ...England; embrace the Revolution; and embark upon a new, republican form of government.</p>
    6 KB (1,020 words) - 08:09, 2 December 2009
  • ...t-wing radicals, who were primarily aliens, were plotting to overthrow the government.
    4 KB (566 words) - 14:35, 9 December 2009
  • ''The action of an executive official of the government that mitigates or sets aside the punishment for a crime.''
    8 KB (1,272 words) - 14:47, 23 February 2010
  • ...ure that child support is paid. The Child Support Recovery Act of 1992 (18 U.S.C.A. § 338) makes willful failure to support a child in another state a fed
    24 KB (3,851 words) - 14:03, 16 August 2010
  • ...]</span> signed the <span>[[Civil Rights Act|Civil Rights Act]]</span>, 42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1971, 1975a to 1975d, 2000a to 2000h-6, guaranteeing blacks the ...Congressional Gold Medal of Honor, the highest award conferred by the U.S. government. "It is not an exaggeration to say that American history has moved through
    13 KB (2,233 words) - 08:11, 2 December 2009
  • ...assachusetts. This group endorsed a state constitution that gave the state government broad authority. ...ed to calm the fears of those delegates who worried about a strong federal government.
    4 KB (543 words) - 15:43, 4 February 2010
  • ...ng sued is called the defendant. In criminal proceedings, one party is the government, called the state, commonwealth, or the people of the United States, and th
    15 KB (2,492 words) - 14:53, 24 February 2010
  • ...fice to reflect its dual function. The PTO is now organized pursuant to 35 U.S.C.A. § 1 et seq. ''U.S. Government Manual'' Website. Available online at &lt;<span>http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gm
    5 KB (803 words) - 09:50, 30 April 2010
  • ''Rights, granted to inventors by the federal government, pursuant to its power under Article I, Section 8, Clause 8, of the U.S. Co ...aham v. John Deere Co.'', 383 U.S. 1, 86 S. Ct. 684, 15 L. Ed. 2d 545, 148 U.S.P.Q. 459 (1966), provides the analytical framework in which to decide whethe
    31 KB (5,097 words) - 14:08, 5 February 2010
  • ...ate]]. If the man [[Dispute|disputes]] fatherhood, the mother or the state government may initiate a legal proceeding, known as a paternity action, to adjudicate
    8 KB (1,182 words) - 10:22, 24 August 2010
  • He entered government in 1775, serving in the New Jersey Provincial Congress. He became attorney ...s tenure on the Court revealed him to be a strong supporter of the federal government and an independent judiciary. His role as a Framer lent credibility to his
    4 KB (579 words) - 09:33, 11 January 2010
  • ...s passed the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) (42 U.S.C.A. § 1395dd), which established criteria for emergency services and crite ...For example, most hospitals obtained financial assistance from the federal government for construction; these hospitals are required to provide a reasonable volu
    37 KB (5,823 words) - 14:51, 24 February 2010
  • ..."><p><i>The practice or custom observed by a political official of filling government positions with qualified employees of his or her own choosing.</i></p> ...jective criteria. Though the patronage system exists at all levels of U.S. government, the number of positions that are available through patronage has decreased
    4 KB (660 words) - 08:12, 2 December 2009
  • ...udge, Peckham was a conservative judge who believed that state and federal government had limited authority to regulate business activity. He expressed this beli ...fter almost ten years in private practice, he began his career in New York government in 1868 when he became district attorney of Albany County. He served until
    5 KB (747 words) - 08:13, 2 December 2009
  • ...ed by a 1986 federal statute, Pen Registers and Trap and Trace Devices (18 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 3121&#x2013;3127). The statute also governs the use of tra ...legitimate expectation' of privacy" (<i>Smith</i>). The Court examined the government activity that was being challenged and stated that Smith "could not claim t
    10 KB (1,635 words) - 08:13, 2 December 2009
  • ... viewed it as a necessary evil. Thus, under the Pennsylvania Constitution, government would aspire to the democratic ideal of maximum participation by citizens w ...it created for commerce. The Federalists, who believed in a strong federal government, detested its independence. Lawyers and judges decried the weakened judicia
    6 KB (890 words) - 08:14, 2 December 2009
  • ...Employees assume little risk because most funds are insured by the federal government to a certain limit.</p> ...y Act|Employee Retirement Income Security Act]]</span> of 1974 (ERISA) (29 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1001 et seq.) to regulate pension plans created by private busin
    12 KB (1,935 words) - 08:15, 2 December 2009
  • ...etaphor describing a doctrine that refers to implied powers of the federal government. The doctrine is best known from the Supreme Court decision of <span>[[Gris
    5 KB (882 words) - 08:15, 2 December 2009
  • ...relationship with him that grew stronger as Roosevelt's views on labor and government began to mirror her own.</p> <p>Perkins's work with Roosevelt in New York led to a position in the federal government. When Roosevelt was elected president in 1932, he asked Perkins to become s
    7 KB (1,184 words) - 08:16, 2 December 2009
  • ...persons present within the territory comes from the sovereign power of the government. The court's authority allows it to reach all residents of a state, includi
    7 KB (1,028 words) - 15:03, 6 April 2010
  • ...o the U.S. Constitution guarantees to the people the right to petition the government for the redress of grievances. Petitions are also used to collect signature ...e First Amendment, which affirms the right of the people to petition their government. Almost all states adopted similar guarantees of petition in their own cons
    3 KB (508 words) - 10:16, 25 February 2010
  • ...r Lincoln was elected president. During the war Pierrepont represented the government against prisoners of state confined in U.S. military prisons and forts. ...lection effort. When the campaign was aborted by an assassin's bullet, the government appointed Pierrepont to handle the prosecution of John H. Surratt for his p
    6 KB (887 words) - 12:04, 7 January 2010
  • Either the state or federal government licenses pilots to ensure that vessels will be prop-erly operated in state
    4 KB (691 words) - 14:59, 24 February 2010
  • ...n nations, if and when their commissions violated U.S. treaties with their government. The Piracy Act of 1847, which established this broader definition, marked ...tware piracy a felony (Pub. L. No. 102-561, 106 Stat. 4233, codified at 18 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 2319 [1988 &amp; 1992 Supp.]). Since the 1990s, a number of inte
    5 KB (838 words) - 13:03, 22 May 2010
  • ... by government. Pitney, an economic conservative, was generally hostile to government interference with employers and</p> ...erty or property without <span>[[Due Process|due process]]</span> of law." Government regulation of work hours and working conditions was unconstitutional becaus
    4 KB (656 words) - 08:18, 2 December 2009
  • ...ing to the court, the federal bribery statute did not apply to the federal government with respect to plea bargains. ...eement, or ask the court for a favorable modification in the sentence. The government breaches a plea agreement when it fails to deliver its part of the plea agr
    12 KB (1,853 words) - 14:48, 23 February 2010
  • ...t in the United States or language that was intended to bring that form of government "into contempt, scorn, contumely, and disrepute," or language that was "int In ''Schenck'' Holmes concluded that the government did not run afoul of the Free Speech Clause in suppressing the protestors'
    11 KB (1,789 words) - 12:56, 3 March 2011
  • ...a parcel of land is true and correct. The abstractor verifies the original government survey, which should include gaps and overlaps in land ownership. Given imp ...cription of any parcel of land comes from the measurements of the original government survey of the nineteenth century.
    12 KB (1,979 words) - 16:27, 9 December 2009
  • ...chool, she attended Hunter College, where she was president of the student government. Following graduation in 1944, she attended Columbia Law School, where she ..._O'Neill_Jr.|Tip O'Neill]]</span> (D-Mass.). She chaired a subcommittee on government information and individual rights and co-authored the <span>[[Freedom Of In
    5 KB (697 words) - 16:32, 29 April 2010
  • ..., the law continued to grapple with a vast number of problems. The federal government has addressed AIDS in two broad ways: by spending money on research and tre == AIDS and the Federal Government ==
    30 KB (4,728 words) - 09:46, 15 July 2010
  • ... years, Adams spoke out strongly against many acts enforced by the British government, including the <span>[[Townshend Acts|Townshend Acts]]</span>, which unjust ...n> and imposed harsh penalties on any person who attempted to obstruct the government system; averted war with France; and selected the eminent <span>[[John Mars
    5 KB (809 words) - 08:25, 2 December 2009
  • ...n 1807 by supporting the <span>[[Embargo Act|Embargo Act]]</span> (46 App. U.S.C.A. § 328). This act, backed by Jefferson, placed an embargo on all foreig ...tations, and a national university. He urged Congress to use the powers of government for the benefit of all people. Congress disagreed. Many of the programs adv
    14 KB (2,311 words) - 16:01, 6 January 2010
  • ...ive agencies constitute an unconstitutional, bureaucratic fourth branch of government with powers that exceed those of the three recognized branches (the legisla ...as the administrative agency that addresses the legal concerns of the U.S. government and its people. The departments housed within the Department of Justice, su
    20 KB (2,825 words) - 09:44, 14 December 2009
  • ... It contrasts with traditional notions that the three branches of the U.S. government must be kept separate, that they must not delegate their responsibilities t ...in the Executive Branch, but their functions reach into all three areas of government.
    30 KB (4,706 words) - 14:25, 7 January 2010
  • ...al court system. It was created by congressional act on August 7, 1939 (28 U.S.C.A. § 601), and since November 6, 1939, it has tended to the nonjudicial b ...federal district courts according to the Pretrial Services Act of 1982 (18 U.S.C.A. § 3152). The pretrial service offices report to their respective court
    10 KB (1,496 words) - 09:54, 14 December 2009
  • ... its original enactment in 1946, the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), 5 U.S.C.A. §§ 501 et seq., has governed the process that federal administrative ...rt characterized administrative agencies as a "headless 'fourth branch' of government."
    8 KB (1,158 words) - 06:46, 4 May 2010
  • ...a master, or another crew member. The 1920 Death on High Seas Act (46 App. U.S.C.A. § 761 et seq.) allows recovery by the beneficiaries of a sailor's esta The Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (33 U.S.C.A. § 901 et seq.[1927]) sets up a federal system to compensate injured ma
    16 KB (2,486 words) - 10:15, 31 December 2009
  • ...n>[[Indian Child Welfare Act|Indian Child Welfare Act]]</span> of 1978 (25 U.S.C.A. § 1901 et seq.) (ICWA), a federal law giving special preference to fam ...r of Korean adoptions is declining, however, reportedly because the Korean government is uncomfortable with its reputation as a baby exporter. On the other hand,
    41 KB (6,418 words) - 14:09, 28 June 2011
  • ...f the inquisitorial system argue that it provides little, if any, check on government excess and that invites corruption, <span>[[Bribery|bribery]]</span>, and a
    10 KB (1,491 words) - 13:15, 28 May 2014
  • ... to negotiate foreign treaties and to nominate individuals to high-ranking government positions, including cabinet members, ambassadors, and federal judges. Howe ...|World War I]]</span>. The Senate, hostile to the concept of international government, refused to ratify the treaty in 1919, which severely weakened the organiza
    2 KB (325 words) - 10:44, 11 December 2009
  • ... of proposed legislation or conduct, given in response to a request by the government, legislature, or some other interested party.'' ...ns of law arising from the administration of that office or department (28 U.S.C.A. §§ 511-512 [1993]). Most states charge attorneys general with similar
    6 KB (836 words) - 17:40, 6 January 2010
  • ...federal regulation. An aircraft is subject to the authority of the federal government and to the authority of a particular state while traveling over it. Landown ...bility for damage arising out of the improper operation of its aircraft by government employees.
    15 KB (2,351 words) - 16:28, 12 July 2010
  • ... Scrutiny|strict scrutiny]]</span>. The Court extended this to the federal government in ''Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena'', 115 S. Ct. 2097, 132 L. Ed. 2d 1 ...ly to apply to selective private universities as well because they receive government funding. It also will affect admission practices at selective public high s
    18 KB (2,707 words) - 14:09, 13 August 2010
  • ...e operation of the business. Although the ADEA did not originally apply to government employers, Congress extended the act to cover federal, state, and local gov ...to the ADEA, known as the Older Workers Benefit Protection Act (OWBPA) (29 U.S.C.A. § 626), prohibits discrimination against older employees in the provis
    19 KB (2,971 words) - 10:38, 11 December 2009
  • ...ge is a reasonable basis of discrimination to ensure that those serving in government possess the necessary maturity, experience, and competence to perform as ef
    5 KB (730 words) - 10:50, 11 December 2009
  • ...debt'', a financial arrangement in which farmers agreed to pay the federal government a certain amount from their yearly profits in exchange for the land. Congre ...ures became routine. Farm families considered foreclosures a breach of the government's promise to allow productive farm families to keep their land, and vast nu
    22 KB (3,396 words) - 10:49, 7 January 2010
  • ...griculture (USDA) is an executive, cabinet-level department in the federal government. It is directed by the secretary of agriculture, who reports to the preside ...e 1970s, and the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C.A. § 1421 note et seq.), enacted to maintain the income of farmers. The F
    13 KB (1,795 words) - 12:50, 18 December 2009
  • ''Payments by the federal government to producers of agricultural products for the purpose of stabilizing food p ...cluding the disastrous Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act of 1930, 6U.S.C.A. § 1, 19 U.S.C.A. § 6 et seq., which created a limited tariff to protect farmers from co
    15 KB (2,293 words) - 12:50, 18 December 2009
  • ...tizen who was trained by and was fighting for the Taliban against the U.S. government. The Walker Lindh case garnered enormous coverage in the press, with many c
    2 KB (334 words) - 16:30, 12 July 2010
  • ...[Securities|securities]]</span> or currency. The president and the federal government may also confiscate property owned by certain foreign countries, organizati ...nspiring to commit an offense against the United States in violation of 18 U.S.C.A. § 371 (2000). Despite arguments by the company that violation of the o
    4 KB (577 words) - 11:20, 11 December 2009
  • ...cerning air quality was the Air Pollution Control Act, enacted in 1955 (42 U.S.C.A. § 7401 et seq. [1955]). Also known as the Clean Air Act, it gave the S ...ered sections of 10 U.S.C.A., 26 U.S.C.A., 29U.S.C.A., 33 U.S.C.A., and 42 U.S.C.A.]).
    15 KB (2,324 words) - 14:25, 6 January 2010
  • ...ustry, which had been heavily regulated and controlled, was liberated from government oversight and released to the vagaries of the marketplace. As a result, the ... transport. These companies had garnered exclusive rights from the federal government to fly domestic airmail routes, and Pan American (Pan Am) held the rights t
    26 KB (4,044 words) - 16:06, 12 July 2010
  • ...s decision to secede from the Union in 1861, and he served the Confederate government in the quartermaster's department during the war. (A quartermaster is charg ... hence are emboldened to lawlessness by it." He concluded that the federal government should "command their respect by the exercise of its powers."
    4 KB (683 words) - 14:26, 10 December 2009
  • ...o 2001 as U.S. <span>[[Secretary Of State|Secretary of state]]</span>, the government's highest-ranking foreign relations officer. She has the distinction of bei ...eland but left again in 1948 following the Communist takeover of the Czech government. The family settled in the United States in 1949.
    5 KB (801 words) - 15:56, 1 July 2010
  • ...tered unprecedented criminal activity, many people were concerned that the government's enforcement efforts unduly intruded into personal privacy. In cases such ...spectively. The collection of alcohol revenues is important to the federal government: in 2001, liquor taxes exceeded $7.6 billion.
    24 KB (3,757 words) - 13:20, 28 May 2014
  • ...s and other explosives as well as firearms under the strict control of the government. The ATTD was given jurisdiction over the criminal use of explosives and wa ...ol Act, 18 U.S.C.A. 841-848, which included the Explosives Control Act, 18 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 842, provided for close regulation of the explosives industry an
    10 KB (1,569 words) - 14:01, 28 May 2014
  • ...ies or disrespect for American war efforts, or to otherwise bring the U.S. government, its leaders, or its symbols into disrepute. ...or combination"; or (4) to make any defamatory statement about the federal government or the president (1 Stat. 596).
    8 KB (1,228 words) - 14:35, 7 January 2010
  • ...ience and health experts, and convened a panel of Federal officials across government to review public recommendations and assess scientific evidence.<ref>http:/ # increasing coordination of HIV programs across Federal government and between federal agencies and state, territorial, tribal, and local gove
    6 KB (773 words) - 12:54, 15 July 2010
  • ...tates supreme court|Supreme Court held]] in a 6 - 3 decision that the U.S. government has a compelling interest in preventing terrorism. ...l support" statute, [http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/uscode/18/I/113B/2339A 18 U.S.C.§ 2339b]. The term "material support" means "any property, tangible or in
    4 KB (500 words) - 09:56, 16 July 2010
  • ...o the United States that cannot be relinquished without the consent of the government expressed by a statutory enactment.</i></p> ...gns and swearing their allegiance to the laws and constitution of the U.S. government. 8 USCA &#xA7; 1448. The U.S. Constitution itself requires state and federa
    9 KB (1,463 words) - 16:20, 12 July 2010
  • ...gn ambassador in the United States has similar duties regarding his or her government.
    6 KB (887 words) - 15:31, 11 December 2009
  • ...ity to mobilize its members to lobby for its positions before Congress and government agencies. The organization has concentrated much of its <span>[[Lobbying|lo
    5 KB (775 words) - 16:34, 9 December 2009
  • ...he "eyes, ears and voice" of the organized bar at the seat of the national government in Washington, D.C. The GAO staff is housed with about 170 other ABA staffe
    7 KB (1,096 words) - 16:38, 9 December 2009
  • ... it into the Civil Liberties Bureau, dedicated to the defense of those the government saw fit to crush and corral. Anti-Communist hysteria worsened the civil lib ...ention, ''Scopes'' set it on a course from which it never veered: fighting government interference in religious matters. It staged this fight with equanimity, op
    12 KB (1,783 words) - 14:55, 2 August 2010
  • ...pports for crops and a minimum of government regulation and oversight. Its government relations division employs a number of registered lobbyists who are special
    5 KB (693 words) - 16:41, 9 December 2009
  • ...n-Indian relations had largely faded away. Starting in the 1950s, the U.S. government had embarked on a serious policy plan to terminate its responsibilities to ... they depart but took no aggressive action to remove them. Officially, the government adopted a position of non-interference and hoped that support for the occup
    14 KB (2,211 words) - 14:29, 7 January 2010
  • ...al posts sponsor nearly 28,000 young men each year to attend the week-long government education program. Two outstanding leaders from each of these Boys State pr
    5 KB (711 words) - 16:47, 9 December 2009
  • ...est; e.g., civil rights cases. They may be filed by private persons or the government. In appeals to the U.S. courts of appeals, an amicus brief may be filed onl ...uriae have no right to appear or to file briefs. Unless they represent the government, amici curiae must obtain leave (permission) to do so from the court, or co
    5 KB (885 words) - 16:33, 9 December 2009
  • ...attorney for the District of Connecticut appeared on behalf of the Spanish government and demanded that the Africans be handed over for trial in Cuba on murder a ...dent <span>[[Martin Van Buren|Martin Van Buren]]</span> ordered that the ''U.S.S. Grampus'' wait in the New Haven harbor to transport the Africans to Cuba
    7 KB (1,060 words) - 13:43, 11 December 2009
  • ...ense—usually of a political nature that threatens the sovereignty of the government (such as'' [[Sedition|''<span>sedition</span>'']] ''or [[Treason|treason]]) ...unpopular excise tax on liquor; a conditional amnesty, it allowed the U.S. government to forget the crimes of those involved, in exchange for their signatures on
    7 KB (1,066 words) - 10:20, 31 December 2009
  • ... government or law or in which there is resistance to all current forms of government.</i></p> ...whether anarchy is an end unto itself or simply the best means to a better government. To all anarchists, though, anarchy is the best refuge from political dogma
    9 KB (1,456 words) - 08:36, 2 December 2009
  • ...orporations on a yearly basis to provide stockholders, the public, and the government with financial data, a summary of ownership, and the accounting practices u ...uires issuers of securities to file financial information with the federal government; the 1934 law authorizes the SEC to act as a regulatory body over the finan
    9 KB (1,294 words) - 15:57, 4 March 2010
  • ...nth period for ending the pact. He stated that the ABM Treaty "hinders our government's ability to develop ways to protect our people from future terrorist or ro
    10 KB (1,535 words) - 14:25, 8 January 2010
  • The Government and National Affairs Office in Washington, D.C., serves as the ADL's lobbyi ...vernment. The Jerusalem office also introduces visiting Americans, such as government officials and journalists, to the people and politics of Israel. The ADL ha
    7 KB (1,072 words) - 14:04, 16 August 2010
  • ... they feared in the courtroom were highly desirable in politics to control government officials; in spite of their conflicting feelings, voters were still attrac
    5 KB (736 words) - 10:33, 14 December 2009
  • ...te and enforce the law, under the Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914 (15 U.S.C.A. §§ 41–58). In an ongoing analysis influenced by economic, intellect ...350,000 and prison sentences of up to three years for persons. The federal government, states, and individuals may collect treble (i.e., triple) the amount of da
    35 KB (5,271 words) - 15:59, 4 March 2010
  • ...apitalism translated into minimal government regulation of business and no government breaks for business. In addition Appleton concerned himself with rethinking ...cess]]</span> doctrine that the U.S. Supreme Court employed to strike down government regulations of business.
    4 KB (547 words) - 14:04, 7 January 2010
  • ...hampions of democracy fought for was the notion of equal representation in government, by congresspeople, for citizens of the United States. To ensure that equal ... power away from an area means fewer legislators to demand a fair share of government resources for that area.</p>
    17 KB (2,680 words) - 08:38, 2 December 2009
  • ...ation enacted in 1989 (Pub. L. No. 101-163, 103 Stat. 1068 [codified at 40 U.S.C.A. § 162–1]) provided that the architect be appointed for a ten-year te ''U.S. Government Manual'' Website. Available online at &lt;<span>http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gm
    2 KB (290 words) - 10:43, 14 December 2009
  • ...orm Code Of Military Justice|Uniform Code of Military Justice]]</span> (10 U.S.C.A. § 801 et seq.) outlines the basic laws and procedures governing member ...t court granted <span>[[Summary Judgment|summary judgment]]</span> for the government (''Steffan v. Cheney'', 780F. Supp. 1 [D.D.C. 1991]). A three-judge panel f
    36 KB (5,588 words) - 16:31, 12 July 2010
  • ...ink first. With the United States' promise not to overthrow Fidel Castro's government in Cuba, the Soviets canceled plans to install the missiles. After the cris
    23 KB (3,575 words) - 16:28, 12 July 2010
  • ...this provision, or perhaps because of its very limited nature, the federal government offered little assistance to artists until the 1930s. Early unsuccessful at ...The primary goal of the CWA was to create employment for artists receiving government relief. With the only requirement for employment being an assertion that th
    12 KB (1,885 words) - 10:41, 7 January 2010
  • ...he original thirteen states agreed to participate in a centralized form of government, in addition to their self-rule, and that was in effect from March 1, 1781, ...was originally drafted in 1776, the document provided for a strong central government. However, by the time it was ratified in 1781, advocates of <span>[[States'
    4 KB (635 words) - 12:44, 31 December 2009
  • ...Justice Department and would oversee many powerful segments of the federal government, including the <span>[[Drug Enforcement Administration|Drug Enforcement Adm
    9 KB (1,390 words) - 14:46, 7 January 2010
  • ...rpetrator without the personal provocation of the victim, who is usually a government official.'' ...ry to describe murders committed for political reasons, especially against government officials. Assassination may be used as a political weapon by a state as we
    7 KB (1,097 words) - 09:19, 8 January 2010
  • <p>People who live in fear of being tortured or killed by their government often seek asylum, as do people who are persecuted for their religious or p ...f countries, especially those in which religion is an integral part of the government.</p>
    8 KB (1,240 words) - 16:28, 12 July 2010
  • ...xcess of $10,000, as well as the name of the client making the payment (26 U.S.C.A. § 6050 I). ...of confidential client information only in rare circumstances. The federal government sued Leventhal. The court ruled that disclosing the clients' identities rev
    13 KB (2,003 words) - 13:03, 23 February 2010
  • ...esents the government in litigation and serves as the principal advisor to government officials and agencies in legal matters.'' ... in person before the U.S. Supreme Court to represent the interests of the government.
    21 KB (3,207 words) - 12:45, 31 December 2009
  • ...ccessful, as his work led to tariff reform and improvements in the Maltese government.</p><p>The following decade, Austin lived abroad with his wife, Sarah Taylo
    4 KB (652 words) - 08:43, 2 December 2009
  • ...nt issued by a "neutral and detached magistrate" must be obtained before a government authority may breach the individual privacy that the Fourth Amendment secur
    22 KB (3,359 words) - 13:52, 28 May 2014
  • ...ure of roads, and by the end of <span>[[World War II]]</span>, the federal government had begun aggressively to fund highway development. With the intention of i .... government bailed out the nearly bankrupt Chrysler Corporation. The U.S. government also negotiated a quota system with Japan that called for limits on Japanes
    38 KB (6,172 words) - 14:22, 13 April 2011
  • ...et regarding the release of the defendant. The Bail Reform Act of 1984 (18 U.S.C.A. §§ 3141–3150) provided for many additional conditions that do not r ...ess, second session, on H.R. 2964, March 30,2000.'' Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
    10 KB (1,691 words) - 13:55, 28 May 2014
  • ...n> of the stock, but Bailey said a plea bargain he had negotiated with the government on behalf of Duboc allowed Bailey to keep it. When Bailey refused to surren
    12 KB (2,029 words) - 14:49, 2 February 2010
  • ...olitics, especially southern politics. Carter wrote that the Georgia state government, like many others, proposed a number of stalling ploys, fake reapportionmen
    9 KB (1,269 words) - 12:57, 3 March 2011
  • ...und in the 1995 decision <i>Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton</i>, 515 U.S.646, 115 S. Ct. 2386, 132 L. Ed. 2d 564 (U.S. 1995), which held that schools ...this case is &#x2026; that the policy was undertaken in furtherance of the government's responsibilities, under a public school system, as guardian and tutor of
    14 KB (2,193 words) - 08:46, 2 December 2009
  • ...s of the ACLU board. Ironically, Baldwin's resolution became the model for government <span>[[Loyalty Oaths|loyalty oaths]]</span>, which the ACLU later attacked
    11 KB (1,842 words) - 08:47, 2 December 2009
  • ...w of Onondaga territory extinguished. The Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government near Fairbanks, Alaska, punishes offenders who are caught drinking alcohol
    9 KB (1,442 words) - 08:47, 2 December 2009
  • ... a new country faced with the task of establishing a fundamental basis for government embodying the principles of freedom for which the colonists had fought. The ...th assets of $10 million, one-fifth of this money furnished by the federal government, the remainder provided by outside investors. Its affairs were administered
    4 KB (594 words) - 16:09, 4 March 2010
  • ...ees. Congress replaced this act with the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 (11 U.S.C.A. § 101 et seq.), which, along with major amendments passed in 1984, 198 ..., who also may be entitled to relief under chapters 11 or 13. When a local government seeks bankruptcy protection, it must turn to the debt reorganization provis
    24 KB (3,624 words) - 13:22, 30 August 2011
  • ...sage of the Federal Reserve Act in 1913 (found in scattered sections of 12 U.S.C.A.), creating the Federal Reserve Bank System. ... as a part of the Treasury Department in 1863 by the National Bank Act (12 U.S.C.A. §§ 21, 24, 38, 105, 121, 141 note).
    28 KB (4,655 words) - 17:46, 6 January 2010
  • ... the terms of this so-called new deal for Indians&#x2014;a plan for tribal government that many traditional Native Americans had resisted&#x2014;schools were to ...ad widespread appeal for Native Americans who felt betrayed by the federal government's Indian Reorganization Act. Not only was this new deal perceived as no dea
    15 KB (2,487 words) - 08:48, 2 December 2009
  • ... who favored strict construction of the Constitution and a limited federal government. Barbour served as Speaker of the House from 1821 until 1823, when he was d ...tates against what he often saw as the growing encroachment of the federal government.</p>
    7 KB (1,223 words) - 08:48, 2 December 2009
  • ...n]]</span> (FBI) to arrest fugitives overseas without consent of the local government.</p> .../span> of conspiring to steal its proprietary software after the company's government contract had been revoked.</p>
    9 KB (1,380 words) - 08:48, 2 December 2009
  • ...t|Fifth Amendment]]</span> to the U.S. Constitution bound only the federal government and was thus inapplicable to actions taken by state and local governments. ...lear intent to make the Bill of Rights applicable only against the federal government.
    6 KB (1,002 words) - 12:58, 3 March 2011
  • ...nt decisions will save it from labor strikes and a host of other ills. The government, however, continues to do little other than let baseball remain a special, ...an>[[Sherman Anti Trust Act Of|sherman anti-trust act of]]</span> 1890 (15 U.S.C.A. § 1 et seq.)—a statute prohibiting monopolies—forbids undue restra
    11 KB (1,783 words) - 10:49, 30 December 2009
  • ...ouse of Representatives, serving for two years, and then returned to state government as a member of the Missouri Senate, serving from 1830 to 1834. In 1834 he b
    1 KB (189 words) - 08:49, 2 December 2009
  • ...nial ruling class could have had a far-reaching effect on the nascent U.S. government. ...fe, it provided an overview of U.S. history with further insights into the government's origins. This sprawling, two-volume set was followed by ''America in Midp
    5 KB (701 words) - 14:30, 16 August 2010
  • ...rpose of the law was to maximize total happiness within the limitations of government. As a result, he achieved great advances in prison reform, <span>[[Criminal
    6 KB (954 words) - 15:17, 6 January 2010
  • ...that the herds would be killed off by pelagic (open-sea) sealing, the U.S. government seized several Canadian sealing vessels in 1886 and instituted condemnation
    3 KB (415 words) - 14:21, 11 December 2009
  • ...han in assertions of governmental power. The Court ultimately rejected the government's claim that the papers should not be published, and several of the justice
    5 KB (837 words) - 14:39, 9 December 2009
  • ...eclaration of individual rights and freedoms, usually issued by a national government.'' ...ndix volume for primary document) forms a vital aspect of American law and government. It establishes many legal principles that have had a decisive effect upon
    8 KB (1,322 words) - 17:28, 8 January 2010
  • ...w|Comstock Law]]</span> or Comstock Act (18 U.S.C.A. § 1416-62 [1964]; 19 U.S.C.A. § 1305 [1964]). The Comstock Act prohibited the use of the mail system Soon after the federal government passed the Comstock Act, over half of the states passed similar laws. All b
    10 KB (1,466 words) - 16:38, 24 February 2010
  • ...n>[[Fair Labor Standards Act|Fair Labor Standards Act]]</span> of 1938 (29 U.S.C.A. § 201 et seq.), which established a <span>[[Minimum Wage|minimum wage] ...d the [[Interstate_Commerce_Act|<span>Interstate Commerce Act</span>]] (49 U.S.C.A. § 501 et seq.).
    13 KB (1,964 words) - 11:10, 7 January 2010
  • ...re stopped by police officers, Seale shouting, "Is this the way the racist government works—[you] won't let a man exercise his constitutional rights?" He then ...ed a "May Day" riot at Yale University in New Haven, prompting the federal government to send in 2,500 <span>[[National Guard|National Guard]]</span> members aft
    18 KB (2,751 words) - 14:18, 11 December 2009
  • ...bor union]]</span> that identifies firms with which it will not work; or a government that wishes to specify who will not be allowed entry into the country. ...d Lardner in federal prison in 1950 after Thomas was convicted of stealing government funds.)
    6 KB (878 words) - 17:09, 6 January 2010
  • ... Secular argument for blue laws included the idea that it was good for the government to encourage people to take a day off work for rest and relaxation. In addi
    8 KB (1,276 words) - 08:57, 2 December 2009
  • ...s were known in the popular parlance as "googoos" because they sought good government. Bonaparte also helped to found the National Municipal League in 1894. The
    5 KB (715 words) - 10:47, 7 January 2010
  • ''Written documents by which a government, corporation, or individual—the obligor—promises to perform a certain a The emergence of simple government and corporate bonds into the modern marketplace began with the economic boo
    7 KB (1,071 words) - 14:59, 7 January 2010
  • ...enterprise research and laissez-faire economic theory, convinced Bork that government should not intervene in the economy.</p> ...il Rights Act Of 1964|civil rights act of 1964]]</span> (78 Stat. 2441, 42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 2000a)&#x2014;as an infringement of the right of free associatio
    10 KB (1,521 words) - 08:59, 2 December 2009
  • ...refer offenders to Alcoholics Anonymous and to make efforts to institute a government program for treating alcoholics. ...r reelection Bosone pushed for legislation to remove Native Americans from government guardianship and sponsored water and soil conservation initiatives for the
    7 KB (1,120 words) - 16:21, 7 January 2010
  • ...ton]]</span>. Like them, Boudinot supported a strong, centralized national government and distrusted many of the principles of participatory democracy.</p>
    2 KB (380 words) - 08:59, 2 December 2009
  • ...sland as a port to receive immigrants. Over the next 42 years, the federal government added 24.5 acres to the island to facilitate its use as a portal for the mo
    11 KB (1,736 words) - 12:01, 12 November 2010
  • ...7 and established a legal practice in Lancaster, Kentucky, before entering government service.</p>
    896 B (137 words) - 08:59, 2 December 2009
  • ...the <span>[[Civil Rights Act Of 1964|civil rights act of 1964]]</span> (42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 2000 et seq.).</p> ...ater used to argue for the protection of commercial enterprises from state government intrusion.</p>
    7 KB (1,094 words) - 09:01, 2 December 2009
  • ...ter. As such, he was not allowed to posses a firearm, since federal law 18 U.S.C. &#xA7; 922(g)(8) prohibits firearm possession while under a civil protect ...ed an <span>[[Amicus Curiae|amicus curiae]]</span> brief in support of the government's position. In October 2001, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed th
    8 KB (1,251 words) - 09:01, 2 December 2009
  • ... City bombing was carried out in part to exact revenge against the federal government for the Branch Davidian raid. McVeigh was eventually convicted on various c ...ry foreperson said that the wrong people had been prosecuted. "The federal government was absolutely out of control there," she said. "[T]he ones who planned the
    8 KB (1,260 words) - 09:01, 2 December 2009
  • ...d by an abiding distrust of centralized power in the hands of business and government. ...pan>[[Fourth Amendment|Fourth Amendment]]</span>, prohibiting unreasonable government searches, and the <span>[[Fifth Amendment|Fifth Amendment]]</span>, forbidd
    9 KB (1,329 words) - 13:35, 11 January 2010
  • ...that the right does not exist. Ironically, when a case involves the use of government power, the opposing groups tend to adopt each other's philosophy: conservat ...l unless they are substantially related to the achievement of an important government objective) (''In re Winship'', 397 U.S. 358, 90 S. Ct. 1068, 25 L. Ed. 2d 3
    14 KB (2,165 words) - 14:19, 6 January 2010
  • ... rights]]</span> and was opposed to centralization of power in the federal government.</p> ...</i>, 211 U.S. 45, 29 S. Ct. 33, 53 L. Ed. 81 [1908]) and that the federal government lacked power to prosecute a case of racially motivated harassment (<i>Hodge
    6 KB (948 words) - 09:02, 2 December 2009
  • ...on of claims by the members of the Cherokee Indian tribe against the U. S. government. ...y other ambitious young lawyers his age, became interested in politics and government service. Brewster had a personal connection, his father-in-law, Robert J. W
    5 KB (804 words) - 17:22, 9 December 2009
  • In 1967, Breyer embarked on dual careers in academia and government. He taught courses in antitrust, <span>[[Administrative Law|administrative ...an on abortion counseling at family planning clinics funded by the federal government (''Commonwealth of Massachusetts v. Secretary of Health and Human Services'
    15 KB (2,296 words) - 12:09, 6 August 2010
  • ... that prohibits giving gifts to public officials in exchange for favorable government actions. .... Justice <span>[[Antonin Scalia|Antonin Scalia]]</span> noted that if the government did not have to prove this linkage then a token gift such as the presentati
    8 KB (1,339 words) - 13:29, 8 February 2011
  • ...reedom to impose stricter restrictions on police activity than the federal government's restrictions.</p>
    6 KB (932 words) - 09:03, 2 December 2009
  • ..., government regulation faced obstacles as it attempted to ensure suitable government-funded programming, appropriate programming for children, and equal access ...he radio industry led in 1934 to the passage of the Communications Act (40 U.S.C.A. § 791). This act created the <span>[[Federal Communications Commission
    30 KB (4,565 words) - 12:06, 2 February 2010
  • ...rights]]</span> and often spoke out against the authority of a centralized government. In 1865 he was imprisoned but was released by President <span>[[Andrew Joh <p>Brown entered federal government service in 1880, representing Georgia in the U.S. Senate for an eleven-year
    1 KB (198 words) - 09:06, 2 December 2009
  • ...mese businessman alleged that Brown had accepted a $700,000 bribe from the government of Vietnam to remove a long-standing trade embargo. Brown denied the charge ...olitics, at the <span>[[John F. Kennedy|John F. Kennedy]]</span> School of Government, at Harvard University.</p>
    10 KB (1,535 words) - 09:06, 2 December 2009
  • ''Brown v. Board of Education'' dealt only with government-mandated or government-authorized segregation. It did not apply to racial segregation or discrimin
    20 KB (3,032 words) - 15:13, 30 August 2010
  • ...013;1985.</i> 1985. United States Department of Justice. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.</p>
    6 KB (891 words) - 15:32, 30 December 2009
  • ...ilver advocates, mainly indebted farmers in the West and South, wanted the government to issue more money, backed by silver, to ease the debts they were unable t
    10 KB (1,680 words) - 09:06, 2 December 2009
  • ...a <span>[[Class Action|class action]]</span> suit brought against the U.S. government on</p> <p>behalf of eight hundred antiwar protesters. The plaintiffs alleged that government officials violated their civil liberties and suspended <span>[[Due Process|
    6 KB (961 words) - 09:06, 2 December 2009
  • ...t of all elements of his or her case. In a criminal case the burden of the government to produce evidence of all the necessary elements of the crime</i> <span>[[ ...or civil. In a criminal case, the burden of proof required of the state or government will be satisfied by evidence that demonstrates "beyond a reasonable doubt"
    4 KB (631 words) - 09:07, 2 December 2009
  • ...Johnson High School in St. Paul, he participated in music, sports, student government, and the student newspaper. Princeton University offered him a partial scho
    9 KB (1,323 words) - 14:45, 6 January 2010
  • ...icies. He disagreed with England's policies in North America and urged the government to abolish the tea</p> <p>duty imposed on the colonies. "All government&#x2014;indeed every human benefit and enjoyment, every virtue and every pru
    9 KB (1,477 words) - 09:07, 2 December 2009
  • ...undreds of years of English gentry with many members who were prominent in government and politics. Both his parents died when he was young and he and his sister ...intended to lead the western states in an insurrection against the federal government. After the states seceded, he planned to install himself as the head of a n
    7 KB (1,198 words) - 09:42, 19 August 2015
  • After the war, Butler served in the federal government, representing Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1867
    2 KB (232 words) - 17:20, 9 December 2009
  • ...rt's opinions; beginning in 1874, however, Congress provided money for the government to publish the Court's opinions, and thus by the time Butler became reporte
    4 KB (617 words) - 14:37, 6 January 2010
  • ...by changes in the Court's interpretation of the Constitution. "This is not government by law, but by caprice," he wrote in a 1939 dissent. "Whimseys may displace ...sm manifested itself particularly in his emphasis on limiting the power of government. For example, he voted whenever possible against state and federal taxes. I
    17 KB (2,692 words) - 09:11, 2 December 2009
  • ... passage of the <span>[[Lend Lease Act|lend-lease act]]</span> of 1941, 22 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 411 et seq.</p> ...pan> and Winston Churchill.</p><p>Byrnes continued to play a major role in government after Roosevelt's death, when President Truman, a longtime friend, appointe
    8 KB (1,260 words) - 09:11, 2 December 2009
  • ...er Protection|Consumer Protection]]</span> and Competition Act of 1992 (47 U.S.C.A. § 325 et seq.). The 1992 Cable Act, passed over President <span>[[Geor ... to ensure public access to a variety of information sources. Finally, the government had an interest in eliminating restraints on fair competition even when the
    12 KB (1,836 words) - 16:21, 6 January 2010
  • ...th Carolina legislature. Three years later, he began his career in federal government, representing South Carolina in the House of Representatives until 1817. Du ... right to secede from the Union in order to keep the powers of the federal government in check. The Nullification Controversy finally ended with a compromise, an
    3 KB (458 words) - 13:26, 6 January 2010
  • ...eral court. In his concurring opinion, Campbell contended that the federal government had no choice but to recognize as property whatever the</p> <p>In 1861, Campbell served as an unofficial mediator between the federal government and southern commissioners seeking a resolution to the conflict over secess
    7 KB (1,133 words) - 09:12, 2 December 2009
  • ...pbell. "I also insisted that he pay every last nickel in taxes he owed the government." Capone protested by paying his millions of dollars in back taxes in penni ... in 1967 as a separate organization within the federal judicial system (28 U.S.C.A. 620-629). Through the Federal Judicial Center, Campbell participated in
    10 KB (1,653 words) - 10:40, 7 January 2010
  • ...it too suffered economically. The 1984 election of a conservative Canadian government led by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney was a watershed event. Mulroney's vict There have been other tensions over the Canadian government's refusal to support the war in Iraq. Yet despite these problems it seems c
    11 KB (1,665 words) - 15:38, 11 December 2009
  • ...s of the Eastern Churches, was reissued by the Holy See (the seat of papal government) in 1990.</p>
    7 KB (1,127 words) - 09:12, 2 December 2009
  • ...Amendment|Eighth Amendment]]</span> of the U.S. Constitution prohibits the government from inflicting "cruel and unusual punishments." The controversy over the c ...ly within the "unfettered discretion" of the executive branch of the state government. On February 3, 1998, Tucker became the first woman to be executed in Texas
    19 KB (2,999 words) - 15:18, 19 February 2010
  • ...never proved, of improper conduct involving the then corrupt New York City government. Cardozo was tutored during his early life by well known clergyman and teac ...1110) and oldage benefits programs (Social Security Act § 201 et seq., 42 U.S.C.A. § 401 et seq.) of the <span>[[Social Security Act Of|Social Security a
    11 KB (1,723 words) - 14:53, 7 January 2010
  • ...inidad, where the black majority had found access to positions in elective government and professional employment. His mother, Mabel Carmichael, worked as a maid ...sident Tour&#xE9; and the rise of the <span>[[Military Government|military government]]</span> in Guinea, he was jailed several times for unknown reasons.</p>
    16 KB (2,645 words) - 09:13, 2 December 2009
  • ...0s and early 1980s, however, deregulation of the trucking industry reduced government involvement in establishing rates. Unless a statute states otherwise, a com ...ability, and groups who are not functioning as military forces against the government are not considered public enemies. Thus, a common carrier remains liable fo
    14 KB (2,305 words) - 09:13, 2 December 2009
  • ... appointed by the governor to a commission charged with devising a plan of government for the cities of New York State. He also helped found the National Municip ...s for the circulation of lottery tickets. According to Carter, the federal government could use the powers granted to it by the Constitution for only limited pur
    7 KB (1,121 words) - 09:15, 2 December 2009
  • ...ia out of its segregationist past; he appointed African Americans to state government and fostered biracial cooperation through citizens groups. As an administra ...ington. The peanut-farmer turned-governor seemed to promise a new voice in government and a new set of ideals. At the start of the campaign voters responded eage
    15 KB (2,343 words) - 15:47, 13 December 2009
  • ...d with facilitating the export of U.S. goods and services. In 1976 he left government to return to private law practice in New York and Washington, D.C., though ...ided textbooks for the Nicaraguan contras (the rebels fighting the Marxist government of Nicaragua) on how to use violence against civilian officials.</p>
    7 KB (1,058 words) - 11:22, 2 December 2009
  • ...everal States, and with the Indian Tribes." Catron argued that the federal government does not have exclusive power to regulate interstate commerce and that wher ... Catron continued to support the Union by broadly interpreting the federal government's war powers. In one case, he wrote an opinion refusing to release a prison
    12 KB (1,938 words) - 16:01, 29 April 2010
  • ... tone, the term has come to mean the suppression of ideas or images by the government or others with authority. ...orms of censorship in the belief that the community, as represented by the government, was responsible for molding the individual. For example, the ancient Greek
    29 KB (4,410 words) - 14:31, 16 August 2010
  • ...nsible for invoking censure against its own members; censure against other government officials is not common, and censure against the president is rarer still. ...several years making claims that known Communists had infiltrated the U.S. government, and although he never offered proof of even one claim, his crusade was pop
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  • ...takers were afraid to go door-to-door; were illegal immigrants; feared the government in general; or lacked proficiency in English. ...usal to adjust the census was essential to the achievement of a legitimate government objective (''City of New York'', 34 F.3d 1114 [2d Cir. 1994]). On appeal, t
    20 KB (3,020 words) - 16:23, 6 January 2010
  • ...d elsewhere. The group addresses such areas as international human rights, government misconduct, sexual politics, indigenous peoples' rights, nuclear and enviro ...overnments or individuals in U.S. courts. In 1986, the CCR represented the government of President Corazon Aquino, of the Philippines, in its fight to recover mi
    5 KB (783 words) - 11:24, 2 December 2009
  • ...in the center as a whole reached five thousand business, professional, and government leaders as well as contributors in academia. Corporations and foundations a ... focuses on securing an understanding of the U.S. constitutional system of government. The center also seeks to make itself an objective, nonpartisan body for pu
    15 KB (2,279 words) - 15:02, 10 December 2009
  • ...sis or kidney transplants for the treatment of end-stage renal disease (42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1395 et seq.). Medicare beneficiaries may receive medical care t ...y financed by state and federal governments for low-income individuals (42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1396 et seq.). Medicaid covers <span>[[Health Care|health care]]
    4 KB (608 words) - 11:24, 2 December 2009
  • ...other former Warsaw Pact countries for leads to possible moles in the U.S. government. Ames became one of the suspects and was quietly transferred to the CIA's c
    15 KB (2,445 words) - 12:29, 2 February 2010
  • ...a Now</i> (1938), <i>Freedom of Speech in the United States</i> (1941), <i>Government and Mass Communications</i> (1947), <i>Documents on Fundamental Human Right ...ple who spoke out or demonstrated against the wartime policies of the U.S. government were imprisoned for their views. Such cases often involved two laws passed
    14 KB (2,345 words) - 15:35, 30 December 2009
  • ...rt, he helped to establish a national banking system that gave the federal government its first effective national paper currency. Early in the war, Chase also a ...roversy, and as a result many Americans had lost confidence in the federal government.
    16 KB (2,454 words) - 18:15, 6 January 2010
  • ... that makes the judiciary one of the three primary branches of the federal government (the other two branches being Congress and the president). ... He opposed the Constitution as an Anti-Federalist (an opponent of federal government powers over the states) in the 1780s. Later, however, he became a member of
    14 KB (2,169 words) - 17:08, 6 January 2010
  • With the creation of the U.S. Constitution and a national government, political and legal policy-makers had to determine how to deal with Native ...d U.S. governments had regarded them as a state. The fact that the federal government negotiated treaties with the Cherokee seemed to be good evidence that the t
    10 KB (1,566 words) - 13:01, 3 March 2011
  • ...cy. Chicago school theory influenced the Reagan administration's attack on government regulation. ... had been undergoing a reevaluation, with critics questioning its faith in government nonintervention.
    5 KB (750 words) - 14:54, 2 August 2010
  • ...re becoming chief justice. Many chief justices served in other branches of government before joining the Court: <span>[[John Marshall|John Marshall]]</span> and ...: A Ready Reference Encyclopedia.'' Vol. 3 of the Encyclopedia of American Government series. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly.
    11 KB (1,427 words) - 10:01, 31 December 2009
  • ...] and the rights of parents to raise and discipline their children without government interference, on the other. ...nt Act<ref>http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/about.cfm</ref> (42 U.S.C.A. §§ 5105–5106) became law, authorizing federal funding for states to
    19 KB (2,822 words) - 15:38, 14 March 2011
  • ... to all children whose parents worked in war production areas. The federal government provided 50 percent of the funds needed to operate the Lanham Act centers; ...stated that the act would "commit the vast moral authority of the national government to the side of communal approaches to child-rearing over and against the fa
    11 KB (1,781 words) - 16:42, 24 February 2010
  • ...sagreement about which parent has the right to make these decisions, or if government officials believe that a parent is unfit to make the decisions well, then f The government must provide a child's unwed parents with the opportunity to step forward i
    21 KB (3,291 words) - 14:09, 28 June 2011
  • ... vehicles or power-driven machinery). Moreover, all states and the federal government require that children have work permits on file with their employers that c
    7 KB (1,128 words) - 14:51, 7 January 2010
  • ...n between child pornography and adult pornography. The Court said that the government has a compelling interest in protecting minor children from <span>[[Sexual ...s, or appears to be, of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct." 18 U.S.C. § 2256. Civil libertarians worried that the CPPA would be applied to ban
    6 KB (905 words) - 11:30, 8 January 2010
  • ...in the system were blamed for child poverty rates, long-term dependence on government assistance, and the "feminization of poverty." [[Court|Courts]] drew critic ...port is not an issue. As long as parents provide a safe level of care, the government does not control their contributions to their children.
    22 KB (3,331 words) - 14:09, 28 June 2011
  • ...ren may wish to express on their own behalf. It also assumes that what the government wants matches what the child needs, which may or may not be true. ...th Amendment]]</span> gives parents the right to raise their children. The government's assumption is that parents' priorities match their children's.
    12 KB (1,828 words) - 14:32, 16 August 2010
  • ...over, they had to carry identification with them at all times. The federal government paid for all related costs associated with compliance.</p> ...?</i> Senate Document No. 137, 57th Congress, 1st Session. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.</p>
    4 KB (609 words) - 11:27, 2 December 2009
  • ...er adults by confronting civic leaders with questions about the quality of government services to her predominantly black neighborhood. While beginning to establ ...on the trouble that had beset her campaign continued. A 1973 report by the government's <span>[[General Accounting Office|General Accounting Office]]</span> reco
    15 KB (2,323 words) - 11:27, 2 December 2009
  • ...tution gives the Court original jurisdiction over lawsuits between a state government and the citizens of another state, even if the state being sued does not co ... not consented to the suit in its capacity as an independent and sovereign government. Without such consent, the Georgia legislature contended, the states are im
    9 KB (1,361 words) - 13:01, 3 March 2011
  • ...893). He successfully appealed claims of certain Native Americans that the government had reneged on a treaty and deprived them of their land in ''New York India ...ssador Choate negotiated the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, which allowed the U.S. government to build and operate the Panama Canal. Choate was also instrumental in gain
    6 KB (968 words) - 16:12, 6 January 2010
  • ...for Law and Religious Freedom, promotes freedom of religion and challenges government interference with the free exercise of religion.</p> ...f religious and political persuasions lobbied for RFRA, which requires the government to show a "compelling state interest," such as public health or safety, bef
    6 KB (958 words) - 11:27, 2 December 2009
  • ...nishment for a crime or for any other reason, by the states or the federal government, including their agencies and officials (see also <i>Afroyim v. Rusk</i>, 3 ...m the U.S. ambassador's office can visit him or her and inform the foreign government that the treatment of the U.S. citizen will be scrutinized.</p>
    17 KB (2,837 words) - 16:08, 12 July 2010
  • ...rapists, etc., into the area." (After the Lincoln bank failed, the federal government took over the institution, and the lawsuit was dropped.)</p>
    6 KB (854 words) - 11:28, 2 December 2009
  • ...ize injustice and instigate reform, Thoreau said, because the machinery of government moves too slowly. If individuals have right on their side, then they must d
    2 KB (390 words) - 11:28, 2 December 2009
  • ..., as opposed to those governing offenses that are public and relate to the government&#x2014;that is, civil law as opposed to [[Criminal Law|criminal law]].
    8 KB (1,337 words) - 14:42, 21 June 2010
  • Generally, criminal trials are used by the government to protect and provide relief to the general public by attempting to punish ...exity, the U.S. Congress in 1934 passed the Federal Rules Enabling Act (28 U.S.C.A. §§ 2071, 2072). This act conferred on the Supreme Court the power to
    27 KB (4,454 words) - 14:23, 28 May 2014
  • ...sonal preferences and prejudices of an individual, a business entity, or a government interferes with the protected rights of others. The various civil rights la ...earches and seizures]]</span> and the freedom to practice religion without government persecution. The Privileges and Immunities Clause in Article IV of the U.S.
    23 KB (3,544 words) - 12:33, 2 February 2010
  • ...Rights Acts of 1957 represented congressional recognition that the federal government had to bring about an end to racial discrimination. The <span>[[Commission
    3 KB (497 words) - 08:45, 30 April 2010
  • ...in the ''Civil Rights Cases'' severely restricted the power of the federal government to guarantee equal status under the law to blacks. State officials in the S
    3 KB (531 words) - 17:02, 8 January 2010
  • ...ed relations between the federal government and the states, as the federal government was forced many times to enforce its laws and protect the rights of African The nonviolence of the civil rights movement and the power of the federal government over the states were tested as African Americans sought to make use of the
    24 KB (3,841 words) - 12:52, 7 January 2010
  • <div type="article"><p><i>The designation given to government employment for which a person qualifies on the basis of merit rather than p ...]]</span>, management, and administration for the federal, state, or local government. Legislatures establish basic prerequisites for employment such as complian
    3 KB (421 words) - 11:29, 2 December 2009
  • ...substantial portion of the population takes up arms against the legitimate government of a country. Within <span>[[International Law|international law]]</span> d
    2 KB (264 words) - 11:29, 2 December 2009
  • ...nt officials to buy influence from members of Congress and from other U.S. government officials. ...ove cooperation between different law enforcement divisions of the federal government.
    7 KB (957 words) - 15:12, 10 December 2009
  • ...orld War Ii|world war ii]]</span>. During his three decades in the federal government, Clark served in various capacities in the <span>[[Department Of Justice|de ...hief of the Criminal Division in 1945. Wartime had transformed the federal government, multiplying responsibilities for its officers, and thus, Clark found himse
    9 KB (1,395 words) - 11:29, 2 December 2009
  • ...]]</span>. His liberal views on crime, particularly crime against the U.S. government, have led him to represent a number of individuals and groups that are nota ...five-part test for judges to decide whether a confession was voluntary (18 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 3501[b]). However, in <i>Dickerson v. U.S.</i>, 530 U.S. 428, 12
    12 KB (1,967 words) - 11:29, 2 December 2009
  • ...and told a friend that he "began to gravely doubt the existence of a moral government on this seemingly abandoned planet." He died in 1945, shortly before the ex
    11 KB (1,742 words) - 11:29, 2 December 2009
  • ...he <span>[[First Amendment|First Amendment]]</span> often clashed with the government's interest in maintaining order and morale during wartime. Various formulat ...; 11, 791&#x2013;794, 2388, 3241; 22 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 213 et seq.; 50 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 191 et seq., which prohibited the making of false statemen
    12 KB (1,953 words) - 11:32, 2 December 2009
  • ...ublic attention with his forceful policy against corruption in the Buffalo government. In 1882 he became governor of New York and, for the next two years, achiev
    3 KB (447 words) - 11:33, 2 December 2009
  • ...e transition, helping pick members of the cabinet and other important high government officials. He also</p> ...officials.</p><p>Despite his long-standing prominence at the top levels of government, Clifford's later years were consumed with a scandal surrounding BCCI. BCCI
    10 KB (1,672 words) - 11:33, 2 December 2009
  • ...de up of dissents: Clifford opposed centralization of power in the federal government at a time when the Court was moving toward expansion of federal authority; ...ugh <span>[[Martial Law|martial law]]</span> imposed by the existing state government. Representing the rebels in court, Clifford had as his opposition <span>[[D
    13 KB (1,989 words) - 17:35, 6 January 2010
  • ...ffice in 1981. Clinton began his presidency pledging to reduce the federal government's budget deficit; streamline bureaucracy; increase public investment in edu ...s for job training, and programs to increase the efficiency of the federal government.
    18 KB (2,689 words) - 12:02, 24 February 2010
  • <p>The federal National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) (29 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 151 et seq.) protects the rights of workers to organize an ...Labor Management Relations Act|Labor Management Relations Act]]</span> (29 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 151 et seq.). Known as the <span>[[Taft Hartley Act|taft-h
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  • ...om interference with their right to get a job or education, participate in government, and enjoy public accommodations.</p>
    15 KB (2,363 words) - 11:34, 2 December 2009
  • ...d by the <span>[[Executive Branch|executive branch]]</span> of the federal government and by the agencies. By 1937 this chronological compilation of regulations
    3 KB (527 words) - 12:45, 2 February 2010
  • <p>A judge is prohibited, through this canon, from accepting appointment to a government committee, commission, or position if the committee, commission, or positio ...d the Judicial Councils Reform and Judicial Conduct and Disability Act (28 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 331, 332, 372, 604 [1982]). This act authorized each of th
    14 KB (2,293 words) - 11:35, 2 December 2009
  • ...phy at the New School for Social Research during 1932 and 1933. He entered government service in 1933, serving as assistant solicitor for the U.S. Department of
    2 KB (300 words) - 11:36, 2 December 2009
  • ..., who used it to conduct his relentless pursuit of communists in the U. S. government.
    6 KB (897 words) - 14:49, 2 February 2010
  • ...erpreted a recent federal law&#x2014;the Communist Control Act of 1954 (50 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 841)&#x2014;as providing the general authority for a covert camp ...jacketing&#x2014;that painted loyal members as FBI informants. In all, the government executed 1,388 separate documented efforts, and they worked: whereas party
    8 KB (1,179 words) - 11:36, 2 December 2009
  • ...ility, and persecution. Anti-Communist hysteria ran through each branch of government as the pursuit of U.S. Communists and their sympathizers consumed the energ ...rds were designed to hear cases brought against employees "disloyal to the Government" and, on the evidence presented, remove disloyal employees from federal ser
    8 KB (1,246 words) - 17:10, 6 January 2010
  • ...onal Safety And Health Act|occupational safety and health act]]</span> (29 U.S.C.A. §§ 651 et seq.). Furthermore, the collective bargaining agreement is Congress passed the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) (29 U.S.C.A. §§ 151 et seq.) in 1935 to establish the right of workers to engage i
    20 KB (3,003 words) - 10:22, 24 February 2010
  • ...upport, most private colleges and universities also receive some degree of government support. Many of the 2,000-plus private colleges and universities in the Un ...ate appropriations as well as tuition and endowments. Although the federal government operates several institutions of higher learning, such as the U.S. Military
    43 KB (6,471 words) - 16:23, 30 December 2009
  • ...ommerce Clause power in enacting the Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990 (18 U.S.C.A. § 921), which prohibited the possession of firearms within 1,000 feet ...en what is national and what is local and creates a completely centralized government. Although recognizing the great breadth of congressional regulatory authori
    29 KB (4,506 words) - 14:31, 5 February 2010
  • ...he National Institute of Standards and Technology, and several other major government agencies. ...ong with the secretaries of the 13 other executive agencies of the federal government and other selected executive officials.
    12 KB (1,666 words) - 10:01, 17 February 2010
  • ... exclusively from a particular fund, unless such instrument is issued by a government or division thereof.
    32 KB (5,668 words) - 14:34, 5 February 2010
  • ...s <span>[[Civil Rights|civil rights]]</span> laws and policies of the U.S. government, follows legal developments regarding discrimination, investigates allegati ...later reestablished by the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Act of 1983 (42 U.S.C.A. § 1975 et seq.). It maintains six regional offices and is headed by ei
    5 KB (827 words) - 10:12, 29 December 2009
  • ...n the principle, established by the U.S. Supreme Court, that even though a government purpose might be legitimate and substantial, the purpose "cannot be pursued
    11 KB (1,738 words) - 11:38, 2 December 2009
  • ...gram are disposed of through domestic and export sales, transfers to other government agencies, and donations for domestic and foreign welfare use. The CCC is al ...e Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended (7 U.S.C.A. 1691 et seq.), the CCC carries out other assigned activities. Along wit
    4 KB (645 words) - 11:39, 2 December 2009
  • ... by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission Act of 1974 (88 Stat. 1389; 7 U.S.C.A. 4a), approved October 23, 1974. The commission began operation in April ...ls, raw materials, foreign currencies, commercial interest rates, and U.S. government and mortgage <span>[[Securities|securities]]</span>. Contract diversificati
    4 KB (561 words) - 11:39, 2 December 2009
  • ...start a business, and own the means of production is a basic tenet of U.S. government, and communism opposes this arrangement. However, there have been, are, and ...rrections and establish a dictatorship for the purpose of reorganizing the government.
    19 KB (2,906 words) - 10:30, 31 December 2009
  • ...r conspiring and organizing the party to advocate the overthrow of the U.S government by force and violence. ...d States in order to teach and advocate the overthrow of the United States government by force and violence. Such conduct was in direct contravention with the pr
    11 KB (1,677 words) - 18:14, 4 January 2010
  • .../span>, fearful that American radicals might attempt to overthrow the U.S. government, began making mass arrests in the fall of 1919. Ultimately, 10,000 suspecte ...wed interest in the Communist party, with many of its members opposing the government of Francisco Franco. Many American Communists went to Spain to fight agains
    6 KB (953 words) - 11:42, 2 December 2009
  • ...ty policing philosophy now dominates contemporary police work. The federal government promoted community policing through the passage of the <span>[[Violent Crim
    6 KB (919 words) - 11:42, 2 December 2009
  • ...e individual states that might interfere with the supremacy of the federal government or impose an unconstitutional burden on interstate commerce in violation of
    550 B (84 words) - 11:43, 2 December 2009
  • ...n. In 1964, Congress enacted title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C.A. § 2000e-2(a)), which provides that employers may not discriminate in e ...rked or were working in positions that were 70 percent or more female. The government employees alleged that the state had discriminated against employees in fem
    14 KB (2,218 words) - 16:32, 6 January 2010
  • ... and viruses and widespread computer hacking, has posed new challenges for government and the courts. ... 1030), passed by Congress in 1984. The act safeguards certain classified government information and makes it a misdemeanor to obtain through a computer financi
    20 KB (3,076 words) - 14:34, 28 May 2014
  • ...ion of this scope is more extensive than the Constitution permits, for the government may not reduce the adult population &#x2026; to reading only what is fit fo
    7 KB (1,168 words) - 11:46, 2 December 2009
  • ...e Southern states immediately began the process of establishing a separate government to guide their course. One of the first acts of the provisional congress of ...he legality of contracts for imports and exports, and the liability of the government for seized property and stored goods.</p>
    12 KB (1,894 words) - 11:48, 2 December 2009
  • ...nch must go in sharing the financial burden with the other two branches of government.</p>
    7 KB (1,141 words) - 11:48, 2 December 2009
  • ...ed against Connelly, stating that "''Miranda'' protects defendants against government coercion leading them to surrender rights protected by the Fifth Amendment; ...y a federal statute enacted two years after that decision. The statute, 18 U.S.C.A. Section 3501, provides that a confession is admissible if voluntarily g
    18 KB (2,728 words) - 11:36, 7 January 2010
  • ...order to protect them from the <span>[[Arbitrary|arbitrary]]</span> use of government power. Among these is the right to confront one's accusers in a criminal ca ...d to take into account that the statement had been made in response to the government's leading questions.</p>
    11 KB (1,683 words) - 11:49, 2 December 2009
  • ...ress is empowered by the Constitution to ensure that the administration of government is carried out according to the laws it establishes, to conduct special inv ...e funds from the states and was not adept at the administration of federal government.</p><p>The Framers of the Constitution, meeting in the Constitutional Conve
    12 KB (1,955 words) - 11:49, 2 December 2009
  • ... American Law; Domestic Social Policy; Foreign Affairs, Defense and Trade; Government and Finance; Information Research; and Resources, Science and Industry. Eac
    3 KB (481 words) - 11:50, 2 December 2009
  • ...colonies employed conscription. During the Revolutionary War, the American government used selective, temporary conscription to fill the ranks of its military.</ ..., Congress passed the Selective Draft Act (40 Stat. 76). The act created a government office to oversee conscription. It also authorized local draft boards to se
    5 KB (813 words) - 11:51, 2 December 2009
  • ...ts that involve the conduct of business or industry, and in actions by the government against businesses that have allegedly violated regulatory laws, consent de ... it. Under the Antitrust Procedures and Penalties Act (the Tunney Act), 15 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 16(b)-(h), the court must review proposed consent decrees in ant
    5 KB (782 words) - 11:51, 2 December 2009
  • <div type="article"><p><i>An officer of the government authorized by law to act in such a manner that will preserve and maintain t
    1,021 B (177 words) - 11:51, 2 December 2009
  • ...ne of not more than $10,000 or five years' imprisonment, or both. Under 18 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 372, it is a crime to conspire to impede or injure a federal law ...ruct state or local regulation of gambling; injure property of the federal government; tamper with consumer products; gather, transmit, lose, remove, or destroy
    30 KB (4,884 words) - 16:09, 12 July 2010
  • ...nd regulation, distribution, and limitations on the functions of different government departments; and by prescribing the extent and manner of the exercise of it ''A legislative charter by which a government or group derives its authority to act.''
    7 KB (1,056 words) - 10:31, 31 December 2009
  • ... absolute rule of action and decision for all branches and officers of the government, and with which all subsequent laws and ordinances must be in accordance un ..., it has served as an inspiring example of the potential of constitutional government, causing many other countries and peoples to emulate its provisions.
    20 KB (3,122 words) - 15:53, 4 August 2010
  • ...the states those powers, programs, and sources of revenue that the federal government has usurped."</p> ...overnment officials, federal, state, and local, and by all branches of the government&#x2014;legislative, executive, and judicial." It argues that abortion shoul
    8 KB (1,282 words) - 11:52, 2 December 2009
  • ...nt with or dependent upon the fundamental law that defines and establishes government in society and basic principles to which society is to conform.</i></p>
    358 B (60 words) - 11:52, 2 December 2009
  • <p>Gonzalez, Carlos E. 2002. "Popular Sovereign Generated Versus Government Institution Generated Constitutional Norms: When Does a Constitutional Amen
    9 KB (1,315 words) - 11:52, 2 December 2009
  • ...inherent in a democratic system where the ultimate source of authority for government action is the consent of the people. ...as of sovereignty for the states, the Constitution has created a system of government that has allowed every area of civil, criminal, and <span>[[Administrative
    47 KB (7,211 words) - 16:08, 30 December 2009
  • ...instances, but its determinations are reviewable by the courts of the home government. The last of the U.S. consular courts in Morocco was abolished in 1956.</p>
    527 B (88 words) - 11:53, 2 December 2009
  • ... person who claims to be a former high official, usually from the Nigerian government, seeks help in converting millions of dollars in funds. The consumer is ask
    8 KB (1,360 words) - 11:53, 2 December 2009
  • ...timony and punish disobedience without the involvement of a court or other government body if the individual's actions obstruct the legislative process. By 1821, ...vate parties and the <span>[[Executive Branch|executive branch]]</span> of government. For instance, business partners of Ferdinand Marcos, former president of t
    17 KB (2,632 words) - 15:40, 14 March 2011
  • ...ard by House Republicans, this sweeping ten-point plan promised to reshape government. Its main theme was the decentralization of federal authority: deregulation ...trolled Congress for more than forty years with an almost opposite view of government's duty to its people, Republicans had held the White House from 1980 to 199
    6 KB (973 words) - 16:02, 2 March 2011
  • ...an>[[Eminent Domain|eminent domain]]</span>, which is an inherent power of government that is not subject to restrictions imposed by individuals.
    76 KB (12,739 words) - 12:28, 12 November 2010
  • ...ctive fields. In his writings, Cooley consistently defended constitutional government and its ability to protect the rights of individuals from <span>[[Arbitrary ...tation. He was instrumental in the establishment of the ICC as the federal government's first regulatory commission.
    6 KB (991 words) - 13:43, 6 January 2010
  • ... <span>[[Substantive Due Process|substantive due process]]</span> under 42 U.S.C.A. § 1983, which provides that a civil action may be brought for a depriv ...ency—were outraged by the sentence. Despite the intervention of the U.S. government and <span>[[Human Rights|human rights]]</span> groups, the punishment was e
    12 KB (1,807 words) - 13:52, 13 August 2010
  • ...rough the British. After gaining independence, the states, not the federal government, assumed authority over corporations.
    40 KB (6,275 words) - 12:31, 15 March 2011
  • ...' (1944), ''Total War and the Constitution'' (1947), and ''Liberty against Government'' (1948) established him as a preeminent authority on the Constitution. Som Corwin's expertise eventually led him to federal government service. In 1935, he became adviser to the Public Works Administration, and
    5 KB (704 words) - 10:53, 7 January 2010
  • ...ibits producing counterfeit postmarks, postage stamps, military papers, or government <span>[[Securities|securities]]</span>. Counterfeiting also applies to the ...at when the United States issued its first federal coins in the 1780s, the government hired an ex-counterfeiter to cut the dies. Counterfeiting boomed again duri
    6 KB (982 words) - 10:32, 31 December 2009
  • ...<i>A judicial tribunal established to administer justice. An entity in the government to which the administration of justice is delegated. In a broader sense, th <p>Judicial courts are created by the government through the enactment of statutes or by constitutional provisions for the p
    8 KB (1,437 words) - 12:02, 2 December 2009
  • ...orm Code Of Military Justice|uniform code of military justice]]</span> (10 U.S.C.A. §§ 801–940), a federal law that Congress originally passed in 1950, ...ity to draft and to amend the Manual for Courts-Martial, United States (10 U.S.C.A. §§ 801-946). This document includes a number of procedural rules in t
    8 KB (1,233 words) - 15:08, 2 February 2010
  • ...executive department, or any express or implied contracts with the federal government.</i></p> ...ons of provisions of the state constitution or law or based upon breach of government contracts.</p>
    1 KB (174 words) - 12:02, 2 December 2009
  • ...rded Cox by appointing him U.S. solicitor general, the attorney who argues government cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Cox held the post until 1965, and then ...d Bork fired Cox. Cox told the press, "Whether ours shall continue to be a government of laws and
    6 KB (971 words) - 14:51, 11 December 2009
  • ... 299-304, 48 Stat. 780-83 (codified as amended in scattered sections of 18 U.S.C.A.). These acts included provisions for punishment for killing and assault ...l crime effectively. The 1968 statute encouraged states and units of local government to prepare and adopt comprehensive plans to address crime in those particul
    10 KB (1,497 words) - 14:44, 2 February 2010
  • <p>Each state in the United States, as well as the federal government, maintains a body of criminal laws. As populations have increased and perso <p>Obscenity laws include the prohibition of public profanity. The federal government, for example, outlaws visible written profanity in the mails and profanity
    11 KB (1,681 words) - 12:04, 2 December 2009
  • ''A body of rules and statutes that defines conduct prohibited by the government because it threatens and harms public safety and welfare and that establish ... law prohibiting murder is a substantive criminal law. The manner in which government enforces this substantive law—through the gathering of evidence and prose
    30 KB (4,920 words) - 07:26, 6 April 2011
  • ...as the same power as the prosecutor to subpoena witnesses. However, if the government, acting in <span>[[Good Faith|good faith]]</span>, deports a potential defe
    40 KB (6,361 words) - 13:51, 7 January 2010
  • Criminology has had more of an effect when states and the federal government consider new criminal laws and sentencing provisions. Criminologists' theor
    18 KB (2,675 words) - 14:35, 28 May 2014
  • ...lt]]</span> in the 1930s, and many served in positions where they affected government policy. ... disparity between individuals, would be addressed by "central agencies of government."
    19 KB (3,002 words) - 14:56, 2 August 2010
  • ...tinued to support Lincoln's position that it was the right and duty of the government to maintain the Union.</p> ...isunionists of the southern states, now in arms against the constitutional government, and in arms around the capital; that in this national emergency congress,
    8 KB (1,342 words) - 12:05, 2 December 2009
  • ...re charged with conspiracy to advocate the overthrow or destruction of the government by force or violence and conspiracy to organize the Communist Party as a so ...rectory of the U.S. Congress, 1774&#x2013;1989.</i> Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington, Linn. 1995.</p>
    7 KB (1,208 words) - 15:35, 30 December 2009
  • ...t|Eighth Amendment]]</span> to the U.S. Constitution prohibits the federal government from imposing cruel and unusual punishment for federal crimes. The amendmen [[Category:Legal_Term]] [[Category:U.S._Constitution]] [[Category:Eighth_Amendment]] [[Category:Fourteenth_Amendmen
    10 KB (1,579 words) - 12:57, 23 February 2010
  • ...t is funded entirely by the U.S. cable television industry and receives no government support.</p> ...ting the citizenry of this Nation and thereby enhancing the quality of its government of, by and for the people" (S. Con. Res. 22, 101st Cong., 1st Sess., 135 Co
    4 KB (558 words) - 14:33, 16 August 2010
  • ...and on January 1, 1959, fled the country. Castro became premier of the new government.</p> <p>At first, the United States supported the Castro government. This changed when Castro seized U.S.-owned sugar estates and cattle ranche
    7 KB (1,173 words) - 12:06, 2 December 2009
  • ...ew's objective. Court's are loath to find that an interest advanced by the government is compelling. The more justifications that courts find to uphold a curfew
    7 KB (1,058 words) - 14:56, 2 August 2010
  • <p>During the early 1840s, U.S. traders had asked the U.S. government for help in easing the restrictive trade conditions in China. Congress resp ...for the Attorney General &#x2026; to be frequently absent from the seat of government, attending to private professional pursuits, nor could he find much leisure
    9 KB (1,510 words) - 12:09, 2 December 2009
  • ...ize the charges imposed by other countries, furnish income for the federal government, and preserve the financial stability of domestic industries. ...l or state bank or trust company of the United States. In the event that a government check, traveler's check, or money order is used, it must not be for an amou
    8 KB (1,326 words) - 08:29, 16 March 2010
  • ...d as U.S. district attorney from 1801 to 1814, before entering the federal government system.
    2 KB (252 words) - 14:33, 9 December 2009
  • <p>Although Daniel maintained a law practice, his focus was on politics and government. He was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1809. In 1812 he was ...epublican government valued an agricultural economy and a limited role for government. Daniel also adopted the Jacksonian</p>
    4 KB (684 words) - 12:10, 2 December 2009
  • ... working class in industries where labor had little power to organize, and government had little power to regulate. ...e crime drew national attention to the trial. Darrow was able to crack the government's case with painstaking
    21 KB (3,505 words) - 13:37, 6 January 2010
  • <p><i>Case of the United States</i>, in which the government demanded compensation for losses sustained by Confederate cruisers and for
    3 KB (507 words) - 12:12, 2 December 2009
  • ...s Jr.]]</span>, yet Day played a key role during a period when the federal government began to extend its police and regulatory powers.</p> ...ement in the national economy. Conservative justices continued to restrict government regulation of business and the growth of federal power. Day took a middle c
    5 KB (817 words) - 12:12, 2 December 2009
  • ...ndard as a balance between the rights of the person being arrested and the government interests that allow the use</p>
    7 KB (1,149 words) - 12:13, 2 December 2009
  • ...nformation regarding marriage, death, payment of taxes, or application for government benefits. The investigation must also include questioning of the missing pe
    18 KB (2,883 words) - 10:55, 4 February 2010
  • ...t. 900, 39 L.Ed. 1092 [U.S. 1895]). The injunction obtained by the federal government was an equitable remedy, the Supreme Court said, and the Sixth Amendment ri
    7 KB (1,192 words) - 11:05, 7 January 2010
  • ...Declaration is an enduring reminder of the country's commitment to popular government and equal rights for all.</p> ...is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government.</p>
    8 KB (1,369 words) - 12:13, 2 December 2009
  • ...hen such debate includes "vehement, caustic, unpleasantly sharp attacks on government and public officials." A public official or other plaintiff who has volunta
    6 KB (830 words) - 14:44, 22 March 2011
  • ...The Department of Defense (DOD) is the executive department in the federal government that is responsible for providing the military forces needed to deter war a ...urity Act Amendments of 1949, with the secretary of defense as its head (5 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 101). Since 1949, many legislative and administrative changes ha
    16 KB (2,351 words) - 16:10, 12 July 2010
  • <p>The second provision directs the federal government to follow a definition of the word <i>marriage</i> that means "only a legal
    8 KB (1,234 words) - 12:15, 2 December 2009
  • ...udicial. However, certain powers may not be transferred from one branch of government to another, such as the congressional power to declare war.</p> ...ess to delegate responsibilities reserved for one of the three branches of government established in the Constitution. However, the Court has seldom invoked this
    2 KB (322 words) - 12:16, 2 December 2009
  • ...can Party began as an antifederalist group, opposed to strong, centralized government. The party was officially established at a national nominating convention i ...d president of the United States—favored limited powers for the national government.
    16 KB (2,363 words) - 16:33, 6 January 2010
  • ...a common interest. Hamilton and his followers argued that a strong central government was essential to the unity of the new nation. They favored a broad interpre ...gton, believed that political parties would polarize citizens and paralyze government. Hamilton and Jefferson agreed with this notion, but by 1793 the two groups
    8 KB (1,187 words) - 12:16, 2 December 2009
  • ...ng imposed or contemplated. The grounds for deportation are set forth at 8 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1251, and the procedures are provided for in &#xA7;&#xA7; 1252&# ...courts are the proper place to review issues of deportation, rejecting the government's claim that immigration is strictly the province of the <span>[[Executive
    3 KB (444 words) - 12:17, 2 December 2009
  • <p>Depreciation is allowed by the government as a reward to those investing in business. In 1981, the Accelerated Cost R
    5 KB (875 words) - 12:18, 2 December 2009
  • ...y|pornography]]</span>. In his view, "There is simply no justification for government censorship of offensive material of any kind." Even if pornography can be s ...owed him to challenge what he saw as systematic unconstitutionality in the government's handling of informers.
    13 KB (2,094 words) - 13:19, 28 May 2014
  • ...decision in light of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act, 28 U.S.C.A. § 2254(d)(1) (2003). Under that statute, a federal court may grant a w ...Throwing Away the Key (and State Money)." ''Spectrum: the Journal of State Government'' (winter).
    11 KB (1,670 words) - 08:59, 11 December 2009
  • ... for the city of Worcester, Massachusetts, from 1856 to 1858 and then left government service to pursue a military career in 1861. He began service to the federal government in 1877 as Attorney General under President <span>[[Rutherford B. Hayes|Rut
    1 KB (202 words) - 16:51, 10 December 2009
  • <div type="article"><p><i>Government representatives who are sent by one country to live and work in another, to <p>The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (Apr. 18, 1961, 23 U.S.T. 3227, 500 U.N.T.S. 95) contains the most widely accepted description of t
    8 KB (1,253 words) - 12:20, 2 December 2009
  • ...ons of the people they work with. The Diplomatic Relations Act of 1978 [22 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 254a et seq.] follows the principles introduced by the Vienna co ...t, the <span>[[Department Of State|department of state]]</span> alerts the government that the diplomat works for. The Department of State also asks the home cou
    11 KB (1,708 words) - 12:20, 2 December 2009
  • ...>[[Equal Protection Clause|Equal Protection Clause]]</span>, courts review government action affecting disabled people without the heightened or <span>[[Strict S ...ongress passed the much-heralded Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (42 U.S.C.A. §§ 12101–12213), legislation with a much broader application and a
    30 KB (4,551 words) - 15:34, 6 January 2010
  • ... has historically been considered a local responsibility, with the federal government providing assistance when local and state relief capacities are exhausted. The federal government has played an increasingly influential role in disaster response and prepar
    18 KB (2,684 words) - 16:21, 12 July 2010
  • ...e governments have often been referred to as the headless fourth branch of government.
    12 KB (1,847 words) - 12:42, 5 January 2010
  • ... political subdivision who institute criminal proceedings on behalf of the government.</i></p> ...nd Jury|grand jury]]</span> from considering charges by asserting that the government will not prosecute nor dismiss a criminal charge pending before it. He or s
    5 KB (825 words) - 12:23, 2 December 2009
  • ... particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States" (U.S. Const. Art. I, &#xA7; 8). The U.S. Constitution ...ton|Alexander hamilton]]</span> initiated a compromise whereby the federal government would pay off the war debt in return for locating the capital between the s
    12 KB (1,903 words) - 12:24, 2 December 2009
  • ...ens of a different state, or between a state or its citizens and a foreign government or its citizens. It is put into effect by a statute that limits federal div
    6 KB (1,031 words) - 12:24, 2 December 2009
  • ...igation. 1994. <i>Handbook of Forensic Science.</i> Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.</p>
    13 KB (2,091 words) - 12:24, 2 December 2009
  • ...[[Bill Clinton|Bill Clinton]]</span> that forced a shutdown of the federal government. He lost the 1996 election to Clinton.</p>
    8 KB (1,291 words) - 12:25, 2 December 2009
  • ... his post as justice to become the leader of the revolutionary provisional government that replaced the monarchy.</p>
    2 KB (321 words) - 12:25, 2 December 2009
  • ...22, 108 Stat. 1796 [codified as amended in scattered sections of 18 and 42 U.S.C.A.]). The act authorized research and education programs for judges and ju ...atute should fall under the purview of the states, rather than the federal government.
    11 KB (1,734 words) - 09:54, 14 April 2011
  • ...rty. Such changes brought a demand for a populist voice in the workings of government.</p><p>During this time of change, Dorr emerged as a legal spokesman. Born ...]</span> wrote to King and warned him that any attempt to overthrow Dorr's government would result in the presence of federal troops in Rhode Island.</p>
    6 KB (928 words) - 12:26, 2 December 2009
  • ...y considerations underpin the double jeopardy doctrine: (1) preventing the government from employing its superior resources to wear down and erroneously convict ...urred. Because civil and criminal remedies fulfill different objectives, a government may provide both for the same offense.
    25 KB (3,842 words) - 12:56, 23 February 2010
  • <p>In 1843 Douglas entered the legislative branch of the federal government as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Four years later, he was ... elected Lincoln. Adept at public speaking, Douglas's last contribution to government was a tour of the Northwest to encourage support of the Union, during which
    3 KB (483 words) - 12:27, 2 December 2009
  • <p>Asserting that the purpose of the Constitution is to "keep the government off the backs of the people," Douglas became a champion of civil liberties ...around the world, creating difficulties for both the Court and the federal government at large. He claimed that <span>[[J. Edgar Hoover|J. Edgar Hoover]]</span>
    18 KB (2,983 words) - 12:27, 2 December 2009
  • ...operty used to facilitate certain crimes, are subject to forfeiture to the government. Asset forfeiture removes the profit from these illegal activities and it c
    8 KB (1,149 words) - 12:29, 2 December 2009
  • The U.S. government has expended billions of dollars in a fight to reduce drug use in the Unite Authority to regulate drug use rests foremost with the federal government, derived from its power to regulate interstate commerce. States are free to
    27 KB (4,096 words) - 17:30, 26 February 2010
  • ...tice|notice]] of the proceedings and an opportunity to be heard before the government acts to take away one's life, liberty, or property. Also, a constitutional ...titution of the United States|U.S. Constitution]], prohibits all levels of government from arbitrarily or unfairly depriving individuals of their basic constitut
    20 KB (3,149 words) - 14:38, 28 May 2014
  • ...lish Civil Service Commission. In 1883, he formulated the Pendleton Act (5 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1101 et seq. [1883]), which provided for the foundation of the p
    1 KB (216 words) - 13:32, 2 December 2009
  • ...ion remained small, operating under different titles and housed in various government agencies, including the U.S. <span>[[Department Of The Interior|Department ...ress passed the Department of Education Organization Act (93 Stat. 668 [20 U.S.C.A. § 3508]), which established the current Department of Education. Since
    18 KB (2,500 words) - 08:53, 30 April 2010
  • ...tional provisions; local, state, and federal statutes; court opinions; and government regulations that provide the legal framework for educational institutions.' ...f 1964|Civil Rights Act of 1964]]</span>, §§ 701 et seq., as amended, 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 2000e et seq.), a federal statute that covers employment in school
    45 KB (6,840 words) - 14:33, 30 August 2010
  • The Eighth Amendment requires that every punishment imposed by the government be commensurate with the offense committed by the defendant. Punishments th ... law (57 O.S. 1941 §§ 173, 174, 176–181, 195) that compelled the state government to sterilize "feeble-minded" or "habitual" criminals in an effort to preven
    20 KB (3,114 words) - 12:58, 23 February 2010
  • ... newfound political strength has coincided with a trend toward cutting the government benefits and entitlements on which many elderly U.S. citizens depend. At th ...ome. Nursing homes are regulated by the Nursing Home Reform Act (NHRA) (42 U.S.C.A. § 1396), enacted as part of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1
    13 KB (2,051 words) - 11:59, 24 February 2010
  • ...ade radical changes to the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (FECA) (2 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 431&#x2013;456 [1996]). In its amended form, FECA limited ...partisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-155, 116 Stat. 81 (2 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 431 et seq.). The new statute amends the FECA by adding ne
    17 KB (2,582 words) - 13:34, 2 December 2009
  • ...ect one person from a designated group to perform certain obligations in a government, corporation, or society.</i></p> ...nions]]</span>, and religious groups. They also take place within specific government bodies. For example, the U.S. House of Representatives and state legislatur
    22 KB (3,510 words) - 13:34, 2 December 2009
  • ...r Commission the power to regulate the transmission of electric energy (16 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 824&#x2013;824m). This legislation was necessary to guard ...lear Power|nuclear power]]</span>, in 1946, and the Price-Anderson Act (42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 2210), which allowed for private ownership of uranium, in 1957.<
    13 KB (2,061 words) - 13:34, 2 December 2009
  • ...ourts, bringing and defending lawsuits, including actions involving the US government and large corporations. ...fense of several hackers, or computer enthusiasts, in cases brought by the government. EFF has continued to sponsor lawsuits when it has felt that individuals' o
    4 KB (586 words) - 11:14, 4 February 2010
  • ...olonial experience. It provides two basic protections. First, it prohibits government officials, or persons acting under color of law, from performing unreasonab .... The Court reasoned that no search took place in ''Olmstead'' because the government intercepted the conversations without entering the defendant's home or offi
    19 KB (2,660 words) - 14:09, 7 September 2010
  • ...idents, residents of another state, residents of a foreign country, or the government of a foreign country.</p> <p>The second exception to the Eleventh Amendment permits a state government to waive its constitutional protections by consenting to a lawsuit against
    16 KB (2,579 words) - 13:34, 2 December 2009
  • Ellsworth advocated a strong national government and aligned himself with the <span>[[Federalist Party|Federalist Party]]</s
    4 KB (631 words) - 13:44, 6 January 2010
  • ...026; thenceforward and forever, free." It also pledged that "the executive government of the United States, including the military &#x2026; will recognize and ma ...e in 1871. Early drafts and copies of the original, including the official government copy derived from Lincoln's own, are held at the National Archives, in Wash
    8 KB (1,210 words) - 13:35, 2 December 2009
  • ...ts are subject to eminent domain, such as air, water, and land rights. The government takes private property through condemnation proceedings. Throughout these p ...dition, private property owners have begun to initiate actions against the government in a kind of proceeding called inverse condemnation.</p>
    16 KB (2,583 words) - 13:36, 2 December 2009
  • ...r Act]]</span>, also known as the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), established these rights and also proscribed <span>[[U Since the 1950s, the federal government has led the way in providing employees more rights concerning the employmen
    20 KB (3,030 words) - 07:35, 25 October 2011
  • ...ype="article"><p><i>The section of a constitution or statute that provides government officials with the power to put the constitution or statute into force and
    354 B (59 words) - 13:36, 2 December 2009
  • The federal Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) (16 U.S.C.A. §§ 1531 et seq.) was enacted to protect animal and plant species from ...e imposed. Private citizens may bring actions against other individuals or government entities for violations of the ESA.
    13 KB (1,906 words) - 16:33, 6 January 2010
  • ...e U.S. naval base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, raised questions about the U.S. government's interpretation of enemy combatant status. The fact that two detainees wer ...before a court) in the U.S. District Court of Virginia, demanding that the government release his son. The district court judge ruled that Hamdi had the right to
    6 KB (932 words) - 13:07, 22 May 2010
  • ...polies provides the basis for much of the legal and regulatory control the government exercises over utility companies.</p> ...ources and regulation of industries whose natural monopolies required some government oversight to ensure that their public purpose served a public interest.</p>
    7 KB (1,071 words) - 13:37, 2 December 2009
  • The Department of Energy (DOE) is an executive agency of the federal government. It was created in response to the early 1970s energy shortages, long lines ...esting, and production activities are performed by contractors who operate government-owned facilities.
    10 KB (1,417 words) - 14:57, 8 January 2010
  • ...ers to the freedom of the individual to worship in his own way lies in the government's placing its official stamp of approval upon one particular kind of prayer ...he people choose to look to for religious guidance. The Court's message to government was simple: stay out of the prayer business, and leave it to religious lead
    13 KB (1,986 words) - 13:07, 3 March 2011
  • ...such as the separation and delegation of powers between three branches of government and the creation of an elective national assembly representing the will of ...itizens, paying taxes is a necessary evil. Taxes are necessary to keep the government, and its justice system, afloat. At the same time, they take away individua
    22 KB (3,476 words) - 15:57, 17 December 2010
  • ...ion, vote or election, and for all records and judicial proceedings of the Government of the United States and the governments of the several States.</p> ... that earlier immigrants to the United States learned English without such government help.</p>
    16 KB (2,517 words) - 13:38, 2 December 2009
  • The primary practical difference between the two types of nuisance is that a government department, such as a state or federal environmental agency, traditionally ... attitude was expressed more recently when a federal court denied the U.S. government's request that the court enjoin (prohibit) the construction of high-rise of
    56 KB (8,484 words) - 15:02, 24 February 2010
  • ...or older. Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), 42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 12101 et seq. has been enforced by the EEOC since July 199 ...vernments, educational institutions with 15 or more employees, the federal government, private and public employment agencies, labor organizations, and joint lab
    11 KB (1,784 words) - 13:39, 2 December 2009
  • Clause, then all forms of government-imposed segregation were vulnerable to constitutional attack. ...carefully at legislation denying benefits to children born out of wedlock. Government classifications denying any group a fundamental right were also reviewed wi
    50 KB (7,490 words) - 15:49, 4 August 2010
  • ...mount of the refund in defending against a future tax claim brought by the government.</p>
    15 KB (2,509 words) - 13:39, 2 December 2009
  • ... permitted prayer in the public schools. For the same reason, he opposed a government proposal to maintain computerized files on persons who participated in poli
    4 KB (625 words) - 15:35, 30 December 2009
  • ...gn nation (18 U.S.C.A. § 793). Criminal espionage involves betraying U.S. government secrets to other nations. ...ive information. Sometimes a foreign power is successful in procuring U.S. government secrets.
    12 KB (1,954 words) - 15:16, 19 February 2010
  • ... intended for export, enforcement of neutrality, passports, counterfeiting government seals, and search warrants. ...r Navy of the United States, or any language intended to bring the form of government … or the Constitution … or the military or naval forces … or the flag
    7 KB (1,201 words) - 15:02, 7 January 2010
  • ...ate and gift taxes maintained that these taxes were guided by an important government and social policy: the prevention of large concentrations of dynastic wealt ...as life estates) and future interests (such as remainders) in property (26 U.S.C.A. § 2503(b)).
    31 KB (5,228 words) - 08:38, 16 March 2010
  • ...al, the Ethics in Government Act affects many different aspects of federal government employment. Its most famous provision was the Independent Counsel Law, whic ...e provisions, rules and regulations, and appropriations to enforce federal government ethics. It became law in 1978.</p>
    9 KB (1,350 words) - 13:41, 2 December 2009
  • ... regulate, and legislate ethical conduct at the individual, corporate, and government levels has ancient roots. For example, one of the earliest law codes develo ... Constitution states that ensuring domestic tranquility is an objective of government, which is an ethically neutral statement. <span>[[Civil Rights|Civil rights
    16 KB (2,398 words) - 14:57, 4 February 2010
  • ...reats prostitution, rape, and gay and lesbian issues?" and "How far is the government entitled to go to reach into these areas?" The course is designed to bridge
    7 KB (1,195 words) - 13:41, 2 December 2009
  • ... Washington's ban on assisted suicide was rationally related to legitimate government interests. In <i>Vacco v. Quill</i>, 521 U.S. 793, 117 S.Ct. 2293, 138 L.Ed ... court in Oregon issued a temporary injunction, which prevents the federal government from enforcing Ashcroft's interpretation of the Controlled Substances Act (
    18 KB (2,897 words) - 13:41, 2 December 2009
  • ...in city and county government. Once formed, the Tweed Ring misappropriated government funds through such devices as faked</p>
    4 KB (715 words) - 13:41, 2 December 2009
  • ...ho Tire Co. v. Carmichael'' 526 U.S. 137, 119 S.Ct. 1167, 143 L.Ed.2d 238 (U.S.Ala., Mar 23, 1999) (NO. 97-1709), a tire on the vehicle driven by Carmichae ...ication before being admitted. Documents containing the official seal of a government unit within the United States, and certified copies of public records such
    27 KB (4,251 words) - 14:41, 28 May 2014
  • ...e importance of such a prohibition, considering the historical tendency of government leaders to abuse power. As <span>[[Alexander Hamilton|Alexander Hamilton]]< ...Of 1994|violent crime control and law enforcement act of 1994]]</span> (42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 14071(a)(1)(A)), such laws are required of states that wish to r
    12 KB (1,976 words) - 13:41, 2 December 2009
  • ... of Rights—the first ten amendments— applies to actions by the federal government. The Fourteenth Amendment, the Court has held, makes most of the protection ...tion of the federal <span>[[Wire Tapping|wire tapping]]</span> statute (18 U.S.C.A. § 2510 et seq.).
    14 KB (2,245 words) - 14:31, 23 February 2010
  • ''The branch of the U.S. government that is composed of the president and all the individuals, agencies, and de The U.S. government is composed of three branches: legislative, judicial, and executive. The le
    17 KB (2,587 words) - 16:28, 12 July 2010
  • ...ps during <span>[[World War Ii|World War II]]</span>; discharging civilian government employees who had been disloyal, following World War II; enlarging national ...'' Exec. Order No. 11,478, 3 C.F.R. 803 [1966–1970], ''reprinted in'' 42 U.S.C.A. § 2000e app. at 31-33 [1982]); and President <span>[[Richard M. Nixon|
    12 KB (1,724 words) - 16:29, 12 July 2010
  • ... powers and rights to the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. In reality, however, the three branches enjoy not separate but shared powe ...>[[John David Ashcroft|john david ashcroft]]</span> issued a memorandum to government agencies suggesting that the <span>[[U.S. Justice Department|U.S. Justice D
    13 KB (1,941 words) - 13:42, 2 December 2009
  • ...uilding. However, explosives are inherently dangerous, and, despite strict government regulation, even the authorized use of explosives may cause injuries or pro
    6 KB (975 words) - 11:09, 4 February 2010
  • ...ed in 1935, 1937, 1939, and 1940. It was made an independent agency of the government by the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 ([12U.S.C.A. § 635]), which was subs The mission of Eximbank is to help U.S. exporters to meet government-supported competition from other countries and to correct market imperfecti
    5 KB (736 words) - 14:23, 5 February 2010
  • ...t. The taking of U.S. industry situated in a foreign country, by a foreign government.</i></p> ...>[[Eminent Domain|eminent domain]]</span> is the legal term describing the government's right to do so. In the United States, this right is granted, indirectly,
    5 KB (845 words) - 13:43, 2 December 2009
  • ...vide that certain crimes, such as the assassination of a head of a foreign government, do not constitute political offenses that are exempt from extradition. The ...|international law]]</span> in the absence of protests from the legitimate government of Panama over the charges leveled against him.
    12 KB (1,883 words) - 14:54, 4 May 2010
  • ...rested a Russian ambassador who had run up substantial debt to the British government. An international incident ensued as Russian officials and others throughou
    4 KB (652 words) - 13:44, 2 December 2009
  • ...Consumer Credit Protection Act|Consumer Credit Protection Act]]</span> (15 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 1681 et seq. [1968]), which was enacted by Congress in 1970 to e ...yment; (2) credit or insurance for personal, family, or household use; (3) government benefits and licenses to operate particular businesses or practice a profes
    6 KB (869 words) - 13:45, 2 December 2009
  • .... A 1980 amendment to the <span>[[Judiciary Act|Judiciary Act]]</span> (28 U.S.C.A. § 1738A) authorized federal rules that control the enforcement and mod ...Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (42 U.S.C.A. § 11603). The convention was designed to facilitate the return of abdu
    24 KB (3,683 words) - 14:09, 28 June 2011
  • ...span> signed into law the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA), (29 U.S.C.A. § 2601 et seq.). The act permits employees to take up to 12 weeks of u The FMLA, which took effect in August 1993, applies to all businesses and government agencies that have 50 or more employees. Employees become eligible for leav
    7 KB (1,085 words) - 09:02, 30 April 2010
  • ...anks and local associations. Although initially capitalized by the federal government, the banks and associations that make up the Farm Credit System are now fin ...FCA to oversee the entities that grant credit to farmers and ranchers. All government farm credit programs, including the land banks and intermediate credit bank
    4 KB (674 words) - 13:46, 2 December 2009
  • ...l Aviation Administration (FAA), with the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (49 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 106). Under the act, the FAA became responsible for all the foll ... enforces regulations under the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (49 U.S.C.A. app. 1801) as they apply to air shipments. In 1994, the FAA employed 2,
    12 KB (1,891 words) - 16:10, 12 July 2010
  • ...the Bank of the United States became the central bank for the newly formed government.</p>
    1,005 B (168 words) - 13:46, 2 December 2009
  • ...a high standard for the federal judiciary, attorneys representing the U.S. government, and attorneys appearing before the courts, agencies, and departments of th
    2 KB (240 words) - 13:46, 2 December 2009
  • <p>Of the three branches of the U.S. government, Congress has the power to determine federal spending, pursuant to Article ...de a budget surplus, which reduced the national debt (the total amount the government owes after borrowing from the population, from foreign governments, or from
    15 KB (2,269 words) - 13:46, 2 December 2009
  • ...ollution mascot (18 U.S.C.A. § 711a). The FBI's authority derives from 28 U.S.C.A. § 533, which enables the attorney general to "appoint officials to det ...of downloading nuclear weapons design secrets to a nonsecure computer. The government dropped the remaining charges. Lee was sentenced to time served. He had bee
    11 KB (1,635 words) - 13:39, 27 July 2010
  • The FCC was created by the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.) to regulate interstate and foreign communications by wi ... matters involving cable television systems; and advises the public, other government agencies, and industry groups on cable television regulation and related ma
    15 KB (2,175 words) - 09:08, 6 January 2013
  • ...Court of Customs and Patent Appeals in cases involving actions against the government, public contracts, and patents. It also hears appeals from the Court of Int ...y law. Among its various provisions, the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 (11 U.S.C.A. § 101 et seq.) reorganized the structure of the bankruptcy courts. Ban
    22 KB (3,572 words) - 16:40, 6 January 2010
  • ... 16, 1933, under the authority of the Federal Reserve Act, section 12B (12 U.S.C.A. § 264(s)). It was signed into law by President <span>[[Franklin D. Roo The FDIC is an independent agency of the federal government. Its management was established by the Banking Act of 1933. It consists of
    5 KB (864 words) - 14:21, 5 February 2010
  • ... contribution/expenditure distinction while simultaneously reinforcing the government's power to control furtive contributions.</p> <p><i>U.S. Government Manual</i> Website. Available online at &lt;<span>http://www.gpoaccess.gov/
    9 KB (1,375 words) - 13:46, 2 December 2009
  • ...y announced it had released $250 million in grant money to state and local government agencies for costs associated with pensions given to the surviving spouses ...contact for the public, the media, public interest groups, state and local government organizations, Congress, and foreign governments. The directorate provides
    6 KB (935 words) - 16:11, 12 July 2010
  • ..."><p>The Federal Judicial Center (FJC) was created by Congress in 1967 (28 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 620) to enhance the growth of <span>[[Judicial Administration|ju <p><i>U.S. Government Manual</i> Website. Available online at &lt;<span>http://www.gpoaccess.gov/
    4 KB (682 words) - 13:46, 2 December 2009
  • ...at 843 et seq.); and certain provisions of the Act of November 6, 1966 (46 U.S.C.A. app. at 817(d), 871(e)).</p> ...ministrative action to start formal proceedings, to refer matters to other government agencies, or to bring about voluntary agreement between the parties. It als
    5 KB (757 words) - 13:46, 2 December 2009
  • ...nt Relations Act|Labor Management Relations Act]]</span> (61 Stat. 153 [29 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 172]), better known as the <span>[[Taft Hartley Act|taft-hartley ...ute Resolution Methods by Dispute Resolution Agencies of the United States Government." <i>Ohio Northern University Law Review</i> 17.</p>
    4 KB (624 words) - 13:46, 2 December 2009
  • ...wned, for-profit corporation that is regulated and overseen by the federal government. Its chief purpose is to buy federally guaranteed home mortgages on the sec ...sidiary, Fannie Mae (Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act [12 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 1716&#x2013;1723h (1980)]). Fannie Mae's federal charter r
    7 KB (1,092 words) - 13:47, 2 December 2009
  • ...g were no longer in effect. Newspapers all over the country castigated the government for prosecuting people under non-existent laws. ...a law that established the ''Federal Register'' as a daily gazette for the government. Orders from federal agencies or the <span>[[Executive Branch|executive bra
    5 KB (726 words) - 11:36, 4 February 2010
  • The Federal Reserve System, established by the Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C.A. § 221), is the central <span>bank of the United States</span>. The Fed ... the board. In the 1970s, the Humphrey Hawkins Act (Pub. L. No. 95-253, 15 U.S.C.A. § 3101 et seq.) reformed the Federal Reserve to require biannual congr
    9 KB (1,379 words) - 15:09, 5 February 2010
  • ...42) removed the inherent <span>[[Immunity|immunity]]</span> of the federal government from most <span>[[Tort|tort]]</span> actions brought against it and establi The FTCA permits persons to sue the government of the United States in federal court for
    10 KB (1,463 words) - 09:05, 30 April 2010
  • ...established on September 26, 1914, by the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq). Created by Congress at the urging of President <span>[[Woodro ...7; 1) and <span>[[Clayton Antitrust Act|Clayton Antitrust Act]]</span> (15 U.S.C. &#xA7; 18), the FTC is charged with the duty of applying the so-called "R
    8 KB (1,211 words) - 13:47, 2 December 2009
  • ...on in 1954, and has been amended over the years, most recently in 1988 (42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 501&#x2013;504, 1101&#x2013;1105). The act, originally tit ... of incentive is an unconstitutional coercion of the states by the federal government was rejected by the U.S. Supreme Court in <i>Chas. C. Steward Machine Co. v
    3 KB (418 words) - 13:47, 2 December 2009
  • ...ent units at the regional, state, or local levels. Under this principle of government, power and authority is allocated between the national and local government ...decision-making process. From the U.S. Supreme Court to the smallest local government, a distribution of power allows all the entities of the system to work sepa
    15 KB (2,397 words) - 13:47, 2 December 2009
  • ...s of the Constitution, expounding its benefits over the existing system of government under the <span>[[Articles Of Confederation|articles of confederation]]</sp ...5&#x2013;51). The later essays examined the roles of the three branches of government&#x2014;the legislative (52&#x2013;66), the executive (67&#x2013;77), and th
    5 KB (798 words) - 13:47, 2 December 2009
  • ...icate system of checks and balances contemplated for the three branches of government in the U.S. Constitution.</p> ...were referring to those who opposed strengthening the power of the central government under the Articles of Confederation as <i>antifederal</i>.</p>
    6 KB (974 words) - 13:47, 2 December 2009
  • ...emocrat, she said she was a Republican because deep down she did not trust government.</p> <p><i>Women in Congress, 1917&#x2013;1990.</i> 1991. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.</p>
    8 KB (1,315 words) - 13:48, 2 December 2009
  • <div type="article"><p><i>A doctrine that bars claims against the federal government by members of the armed forces and their families for injuries arising from ...s intentionally or negligently wronged by a government employee to sue the government for their injuries. The Supreme Court's decision barring suits involving in
    8 KB (1,279 words) - 13:48, 2 December 2009
  • ...titutes of Health (NIH) Revitalization Act of 1993 (Pub. L. No. 103-43 [42 U.S.C.A. &#xA7;&#xA7; 289g-1, -2]) regulates many aspects of fetal tissue resear
    8 KB (1,219 words) - 13:49, 2 December 2009
  • ...ll|Tammany Hall]]</span>. The organization controlled most of the New York government by the late 1860s, yielding an estimated $200 million of criminal funds thr
    9 KB (1,475 words) - 15:02, 8 January 2010
  • ..." which favored private property rights over attempts by state and federal government to regulate the economy. Conservatives on the Court used <span>[[Substantiv <p>Field established his opposition to government interference with business in the <span>[[Slaughter House Cases|slaughter-h
    6 KB (927 words) - 13:50, 2 December 2009
  • ...s of law]]</span>, and (5) the right to receive just compensation when the government takes private property for public use. ...Incrimination|self-incrimination]]</span>, deprivation of due process, and government taking of private property without just compensation. However, the Grand Ju
    23 KB (3,556 words) - 18:35, 19 November 2010
  • ...viduals to help slaves escape from their masters. It also made the federal government responsible for recovering and returning runaway slaves. Fillmore believed ...nstitution, till we get rid of it without destroying the last hope of free government in the world.
    7 KB (1,207 words) - 13:49, 30 December 2009
  • ...imilar class B and C misdemeanors may result in a fine of up to $5,000 (18 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 3571). Federal law also allows a court to fine a defendant who h ...]]</span> (codified in scattered sections of 5, 8, 29, 41, 42, and 50 App. U.S.C.A.), which established the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Commission. Accordin
    8 KB (1,318 words) - 13:51, 2 December 2009
  • ...y of purposes. Federal, state, and local lawmakers use them to help manage government resources. For instance, many states fingerprint the recipients of public a ...easily accessible to police departments across the United States. Under 28 U.S.C.A. &#xA7; 531 (1996), Congress appropriates funds for the creation and mai
    6 KB (870 words) - 13:51, 2 December 2009
  • ...ess; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.'' </blockquote> ... to publish scurrilous, defamatory, and libelous material? If not, can the government prohibit the publication of such material before it goes to print?
    35 KB (5,281 words) - 14:13, 21 May 2010

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