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Counter-terrorism generally refers to practices and strategies governments adopt to combat terrorist attacks. Following the September 11th terrorist attacks, the United States adopted a military strategy of counter-terrorism in the Middle East.

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Counter-terrorism is a military strategy generally prompted by terrorist attacks upon one country, i.e. the September 11th Attacks.

Such terrorist acts can be prompted by normative use of violence, perceived grievances and mobilizing structures.[1] Terrorist organizations mobilize recruits and organize mass forces to attack foreign enemies. Recruits, typically, join this organization for a multitude of factors including: global systemic instability, national economic instability, ideology, religion and culture.[2]

After the September 11th attacks, the United States military adopted a counter-terrorism strategy and determined the threat of terrorism to stem from the Middle East. As a result of this determination, U.S. commenced counter-terrorist efforts against our enemies in the Middle East with the first battle originating in Iraq.[3]

During this era of counter-terrorism, the U.S. government enacted the USA Patriot Act and opened a special detention facility at Guantanamo Bay.[4]


  1. http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2009/RAND_MG849.pdf
  2. http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2009/RAND_MG849.pdf
  3. http://www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=384&key=118&parent=5&report=61
  4. http://www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=384&key=118&parent=5&report=61

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