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Middle East Privacy Law

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Privacy law in the Middle East is concerned with the protection and preservation of the privacy rights of its citizens.

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Privacy laws in the Middle East are just beginning to emerge.  There are a few countries that have established legislation on data protection and privacy.  One of the reasons for such laws being developed is due to cross-border data flows.  If Middle Eastern states wish to exchange data with other countries, such as those in the EU, they must have laws in place that offer protections before those countries will even consider doing business with them.


  • Basic Law: Human Dignity & Liberty, Section 7[2]
(a) All persons have the right to privacy and to intimacy.
(b) There shall be no entry into the private premises of a person who has not consented thereto.
(c) No search shall be conducted on the private premises of a person, nor in the body or personal effects.
(d) There shall be no violation of the confidentiality of conversation, or of the writings or records of a person.
  • Protection of Privacy Law 5741-1981[3]

This law is to prevent any person from infringing on the privacy of another without his consent.

Oversight: Ministry of Justice[4]


  • Constitution, Articles 10 & 18[6]
10.  Dwelling houses shall be inviolable and shall not be entered except in the circumstances and in the manner prescribed by law.
18.  All postal, telegraphic and telephonic communications shall be treated as secret and as such shall not be subject to censorship or suspension except in circumstances prescribed by law.


  • Consumer Protection Law[7]

Oversight: Ministry of Economy and Trade[8]


  • Constitution, Articles 20, 21 & 22[10] 
20.  Everyone has the right to demand respect for his or her private and family life. Privacy of an individual or family life cannot be violated.
21.  The domicile of an individual shall not be violated.
22.  Everyone has the right to freedom of communication. Secrecy of communication is fundamental.

Oversight: Ministry of Justice; Telecommunications Authority[11]

United Arab Emirates[12]

  • Constitution, Article 31
  • Data Protection Law (DIFC Law No. 1 of 2007)[13]

This law is to protect personal information of citizens as it is collected, processed and transfered.

  • Data Protection Regulations (2007)[14]
  • Data Protection Law (DIFC Law No. 9 or 2004)[15]

This law is to protect personal information of citizens as it is collected, processed and transfered.

Overview: Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC) Data Protection Administrator


  1. http://www.privacyinternational.org/article.shtml?cmd[347]=x-347-559526
  2. http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/1990_1999/1992/3/Basic%20Law-%20Human%20Dignity%20and%20Liberty-
  3. http://www.mofo.com/docs/mofoprivacy/Privacy%20Law.doc
  4. http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/1990_1999/1999/4/Ministry%20of%20Justice
  5. http://www.privacyinternational.org/article.shtml?cmd[347]=x-347-559523
  6. http://www.kinghussein.gov.jo/constitution_jo.html
  7. http://www.economy.gov.lb/MOET/English/Panel/ConsumerProtection/Complaints/Documents/Consumer%20Protection%20new%20Law%20March%202005%20-%20En.pdf
  8. http://www.economy.gov.lb/MOET/English/Panel/Projects/Pages/ECommerce.aspx
  9. http://www.privacyinternational.org/article.shtml?cmd[347]=x-347-559483
  10. http://www.hri.org/docs/turkey
  11. http://www.tk.gov.tr/Eng/english.htm
  12. http://www.privacyinternational.org/article.shtml?cmd[347]=x-347-559480
  13. http://dp.difc.ae/legislation/dp_protection/
  14. http://dp.difc.ae/legislation/files/DP%20Regulations%202007%201-3-07%20(3).pdf
  15. http://dfsa.complinet.com/en/display/display_viewall.html?rbid=1547&element_id=7603

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