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Offshore oil drilling

From lawbrain.com

Offshore oil drilling entails using a drilling rig to extract petroleum from beneath the sea floor. The drilling rig is placed on an offshore platform which is located several hundred meters below sea level. Drilling commences after engineers use seismic surveying to determine a source of oil.

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Countries throughout the world support oil drilling because the economic future of their nations depend on it. Spiraling prices of petroleum causes the angst of the voting population, thereby rending this issue the top concern of national elections. As the world's demand for petroleum increases, the success of offshore drilling becomes even more significant.[1]

Offshore drilling begins with the detection of oil below the ocean floor. Engineers use seismic surveying to discover oil and gas traps below the ocean floor. If the data gathered reveals a strong possibility of oil, then engineers use the drill and its built in navigation device to extract oil.

Accidents typically associated with underwater drilling are leaks, spills, blowouts, barge collisions, pipeline corrosion, and explosions. Common accidents generally can be attributed to equipment failure, personnel mistakes and extreme natural impacts.

Environmental Impact of Offshore Drilling


  1. http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1833379,00.html

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